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La banque à forme coopérative peut-elle soutenir durablement la compétition avec la banque SA?

  • Jean-Noël Ory

    ()

    (Université de Metz)

  • Mireille Jaeger

    (Université de Nancy 2)

  • Emmanuelle Gurtner

    (Université de Nancy 2)

(VF)Alors que la littérature anglo-saxonne conclut majoritairement à l’inefficacité de la forme coopérative, la situation française semble faire figure d’exception. L’objectif du présent article est d'expliquer premièrement pourquoi la coopérative a pu être considérée comme une forme d’organisation inadaptée à l’environnement bancaire actuel (1). Deuxièmement, nous tenterons d’évaluer la portée et les limites théoriques de ces analyses et de mesurer l’efficacité des banques coopératives dans le cas français (2). Enfin, nous nous interrogerons sur la pérennité de leur stratégie de développement récente (3).(VA)The Anglo-american literature generally concludes that cooperative banks are inefficient and doomed to disappear. In France however, the situation seems quite different. We analyze why and how cooperative banks have been considered as inefficient (1). Then we focus on French cooperative banks and try to measure their efficiency and competitiveness (2). Last, we discuss whether recent changes in the emerging cooperative groups are compatible with their development strategy (3).

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Article provided by revues.org in its journal Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie.

Volume (Year): 9 (2006)
Issue (Month): 2 (June)
Pages: 121-157

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Handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:9:y:2006:i:q2:p:121-157
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  1. Fama, Eugene F & Jensen, Michael C, 1983. "Agency Problems and Residual Claims," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 26(2), pages 327-49, June.
  2. Fama, Eugene F. & Jensen, Michael C., 1985. "Organizational forms and investment decisions," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 101-119, March.
  3. Allen N. Berger & Loretta J. Mester, 1997. "Inside the Black Box: What Explains Differences in the Efficiencies of Financial Institutions?," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 97-04, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
  4. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-De-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer, 1999. "Corporate Ownership Around the World," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 54(2), pages 471-517, 04.
  5. Hart, Oliver & Moore, John, 1990. "Property Rights and the Nature of the Firm," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(6), pages 1119-58, December.
  6. Henry Hansmann & Reinier Kraakman, 2000. "The End Of History For Corporate Law," Yale School of Management Working Papers ysm136, Yale School of Management, revised 01 Feb 2001.
  7. J.Cook & S.Deakin & A.Hughes, 2001. "Mutuality and Corporate Governance: The Evolution of UK Building Societies Following Deregulation," ESRC Centre for Business Research - Working Papers wp205, ESRC Centre for Business Research.
  8. William R. Emmons & Frank A. Schmid, 2000. "Bank competition and concentration: do credit unions matter?," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue May, pages 29-42.
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