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R&D and Productivity: A Two Way Avenue?

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  • Bravo-Ortega, Claudio
  • García Marín, Álvaro

Abstract

Summary Most of the empirical studies assessing the R&D-productivity relationship at the country level fail to consider the possible simultaneity of these variables. Using a 65-country panel for the period between 1965 and 2005, this paper studies the relationship between R&D and productivity using several R&D indicators. We establish that per capita R&D expenditure is strongly exogenous to productivity. This result allows us to develop a further argument that demonstrates the high social returns to R&D spending. Our estimates also indicate that a 10% increase in R&D per capita generates an average increase of about 1.6% in the long-run TFP.

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  • Bravo-Ortega, Claudio & García Marín, Álvaro, 2011. "R&D and Productivity: A Two Way Avenue?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 39(7), pages 1090-1107, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:39:y:2011:i:7:p:1090-1107
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    11. Ruge-Leiva, Diego-Ivan, 2014. "International R&D Spillovers and Unobserved Common Shocks," MPRA Paper 56718, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Bettina Becker, 2013. "The Determinants of R&D Investment: A Survey of the Empirical Research," Discussion Paper Series 2013_09, Department of Economics, Loughborough University, revised Sep 2013.
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