The impact of public R&D expenditure on business R&D
This document attempts to quantify the aggregate net effect of government funding on business R&D in 17 OECD Member countries over the past two decades. Grants, procurement, tax incentives and direct performance of research (in public laboratories or universities) are the major policy tools in the field. The major results of the study are the following: Direct government funding of R&D performed by firms (either grants or procurement) has a positive effect on business financed R&D (one dollar given to firms results in 1.70 dollars of research on average). Tax incentives have a positive (although rather short-lived) effect on business-financed R&D. Direct funding as well as tax incentives are more effective when they are stable over time: firms do not invest in additional R&D if they are uncertain of the durability of the government support. Direct government funding and R&D tax incentives are substitutes: increased intensity of one reduces the effect of the other on business R&D. The ... Ce document vise à quantifier l’effet des financements gouvernementaux sur la dépense de R-D des entreprises au niveau agrégé, pour 17 pays Membres de l’OCDE sur les deux dernières décennies. Les dons, les achats publics, les incitations fiscales et la réalisation directe de la recherche (dans les laboratoires publics ou les universités) sont les principaux outils de la politique dans ce domaine. Les principaux résultats de l’étude sont les suivants : Le financement direct par le gouvernement de la recherche réalisée par les entreprises (dons ou achats publics) a un effet positif sur le financement de la recherche par les entreprises (un dollar versé aux firmes se traduit en moyenne par 1.70 dollars de recherche). Les incitations fiscales ont un effet positif (bien de court terme) sur le financement de la recherche par les entreprises. Le financement direct comme les incitations fiscales sont plus efficaces lorsqu’ils sont stables dans le temps : les firmes n’effectuent pas de ...
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|Date of creation:||2003|
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|Publication status:||Published in: Economics of Innovation and New Technology (2003)|
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