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Optimal pricing in railway passenger transport: theory and practice in The Netherlands

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  • van Vuuren, Daniel

Abstract

This study tries to establish the link between the well-developed economic theory of optimal pricing, and recent empirical results concerning price elasticities of demand and marginal cost estimates for The Netherlands Railways. The ex post determination of Ramsey coefficients confirms that peak hour pricing is dominated by the aim of welfare maximization, while off-peak fares largely correspond to the profit-maximizing objective. It is argued that tariff differentiation according to track offers scope for a budget-neutral welfare improvement, and that a price-elastic off-peak market implies that lower off-peak fares result in a Pareto-improvement.

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  • van Vuuren, Daniel, 2002. "Optimal pricing in railway passenger transport: theory and practice in The Netherlands," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 95-106, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:9:y:2002:i:2:p:95-106
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Jørgensen, Finn & Pedersen, Hassa & Solvoll, Gisle, 2004. "Ramsey pricing in practice: the case of the Norwegian ferries," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 205-214, July.
    2. Carmona, Miguel, 2010. "The regulatory function in public-private partnerships for the provision of transport infrastructure," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 110-125.
    3. Peer, Stefanie & Knockaert, Jasper & Verhoef, Erik T., 2016. "Train commuters’ scheduling preferences: Evidence from a large-scale peak avoidance experiment," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 314-333.

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