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A conceptual analysis of the impact of travel demand management on private car use

  • Gärling, Tommy
  • Eek, Daniel
  • Loukopoulos, Peter
  • Fujii, Satoshi
  • Johansson-Stenman, Olof
  • Kitamura, Ryuichi
  • Pendyala, Ram
  • Vilhelmson, Bertil

A conceptual framework is presented that may be utilized when analyzing changes in household travel arising from the range of potential measures available to policy makers. The proposed framework draws on goal setting theory in order to understand how travel is influenced by the impact various travel demand management (TDM) measures have on time, cost, and convenience of travel options. Travel is understood from a perspective assuming that it is controlled by negative feedback functioning to minimize deviations from goals nested at different levels. The conceptual framework, with its basis in goal setting and control theories, is then applied to understanding strategic and operational choice related to travel as well as habitual travel. Finally, the proposed conceptual framework is used to highlight and focus attention on key research issues that ought to be addressed if our understanding of the impact of TDM measures on household travel, and private car use in particular, is to improve.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transport Policy.

Volume (Year): 9 (2002)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 59-70

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Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:9:y:2002:i:1:p:59-70
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  1. Mark Paich & John D. Sterman, 1993. "Boom, Bust, and Failures to Learn in Experimental Markets," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 39(12), pages 1439-1458, December.
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  15. Gärling, Tommy & Gärling, Anita & Johansson, Anders, 2000. "Household choices of car-use reduction measures," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 309-320, June.
  16. Pendyala, Ram M. & Kitamura, Ryuichi & Chen, Cynthia & Pas, Eric I., 1997. "An activity-based microsimulation analysis of transportation control measures," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 4(3), pages 183-192, July.
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