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A conceptual analysis of the impact of travel demand management on private car use

Author

Listed:
  • Gärling, Tommy
  • Eek, Daniel
  • Loukopoulos, Peter
  • Fujii, Satoshi
  • Johansson-Stenman, Olof
  • Kitamura, Ryuichi
  • Pendyala, Ram
  • Vilhelmson, Bertil

Abstract

A conceptual framework is presented that may be utilized when analyzing changes in household travel arising from the range of potential measures available to policy makers. The proposed framework draws on goal setting theory in order to understand how travel is influenced by the impact various travel demand management (TDM) measures have on time, cost, and convenience of travel options. Travel is understood from a perspective assuming that it is controlled by negative feedback functioning to minimize deviations from goals nested at different levels. The conceptual framework, with its basis in goal setting and control theories, is then applied to understanding strategic and operational choice related to travel as well as habitual travel. Finally, the proposed conceptual framework is used to highlight and focus attention on key research issues that ought to be addressed if our understanding of the impact of TDM measures on household travel, and private car use in particular, is to improve.

Suggested Citation

  • Gärling, Tommy & Eek, Daniel & Loukopoulos, Peter & Fujii, Satoshi & Johansson-Stenman, Olof & Kitamura, Ryuichi & Pendyala, Ram & Vilhelmson, Bertil, 2002. "A conceptual analysis of the impact of travel demand management on private car use," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 59-70, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:9:y:2002:i:1:p:59-70
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Bamberg, Sebastian & Fujii, Satoshi & Friman, Margareta & Gärling, Tommy, 2011. "Behaviour theory and soft transport policy measures," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 228-235, January.
    2. Yu, Biying & Zhang, Junyi & Fujiwara, Akimasa, 2011. "Representing in-home and out-of-home energy consumption behavior in Beijing," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(7), pages 4168-4177, July.
    3. Löfgren, Åsa, 2003. "The Effect of Addiction on Environmental Taxation in a First and Second-best world," Working Papers in Economics 91, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
    4. Michael J. Clay * & Patricia L. Mokhtarian, 2004. "Personal travel management: the adoption and consideration of travel-related strategies," Transportation Planning and Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(3), pages 181-209, June.
    5. Sunitiyoso, Yos & Matsumoto, Shoji, 2009. "Modelling a social dilemma of mode choice based on commuters' expectations and social learning," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 193(3), pages 904-914, March.
    6. Sangho Choo & Patricia Mokhtarian, 2008. "How do people respond to congestion mitigation policies? A multivariate probit model of the individual consideration of three travel-related strategy bundles," Transportation, Springer, vol. 35(2), pages 145-163, March.
    7. Simona Rasciute & Paul Downward, 2010. "Health or Happiness? What Is the Impact of Physical Activity on the Individual?," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 63(2), pages 256-270, May.
    8. Paul Downward & Simona Rasciute, 2011. "An Economic Analysis of the Subjective Health and Well-being of Physical Activity," Chapters,in: The Economics of Sport, Health and Happiness, chapter 2 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    9. Riggs, William, 2015. "Testing personalized outreach as an effective TDM measure," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 178-186.
    10. repec:eee:transa:v:99:y:2017:i:c:p:1-13 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Liguang, Feng & Haozhi, Zhang & Yulin, Jiang & Zhaorong, Wang, 2010. "Evaluation on the Effect of Car Use Restriction Measures in Beijing," 51st Annual Transportation Research Forum, Arlington, Virginia, March 11-13, 2010 207232, Transportation Research Forum.
    12. Nie, Yu (Marco), 2017. "On the potential remedies for license plate rationing," Economics of Transportation, Elsevier, vol. 9(C), pages 37-50.

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