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Shaping urban transport policies in China: Will copying foreign policies work?

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  • Wang, Rui

Abstract

After decades of rapid economic growth, Chinese cities now face serious urban transport challenges, such as congestion, air pollution, energy shortage, and global climate change. Efficient and equitable urban transport policies are essential to China's sustainable development, in which urbanization plays a critical role. Can Chinese cities solve these challenges by copying or modeling the policies of other nations? This paper argues that understanding the unique contexts of Chinese cities is necessary for predicting whether policies implemented elsewhere will perform well in China. The study explores four examples of hotly contested urban transport policies. The previous experience of each policy is compared with its likely efficiency and distributional consequences in China. Specific attention is paid to how the policy context - the spatial and institutional characteristics of the Chinese cities - can affect the adoption of foreign urban transport policies in China. Suggestions regarding the four policies are proposed to policy makers, followed by conclusions and discussions.

Suggested Citation

  • Wang, Rui, 2010. "Shaping urban transport policies in China: Will copying foreign policies work?," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 147-152, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:17:y:2010:i:3:p:147-152
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Singfat Chu, 2014. "Mitigating supply and price volatilities in Singapore’s vehicle quota system," Transportation, Springer, vol. 41(5), pages 1119-1134, September.
    2. Wang, Xiaoxiao & Wang, Nan & Liu, Xiangfeng & Shi, Ruiting, 2017. "Energy-saving analysis for the Modern Wing of the Art Institute of Chicago and green city strategies," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 714-729.
    3. Wang, Rui & Yuan, Quan, 2013. "Parking practices and policies under rapid motorization: The case of China," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 109-116.
    4. repec:eee:trapol:v:58:y:2017:i:c:p:62-71 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Marsden, Greg & Stead, Dominic, 2011. "Policy transfer and learning in the field of transport: A review of concepts and evidence," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 492-500, May.
    6. Chen, Xiaojie & Zhao, Jinhua, 2013. "Bidding to drive: Car license auction policy in Shanghai and its public acceptance," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 39-52.
    7. Wang, Lanlan & Xu, Jintao & Zheng, Xinye & Qin, Ping, "undated". "Will a Driving Restriction Policy Reduce Car Trips? A Case Study of Beijing, China," Discussion Papers dp-13-11-efd, Resources For the Future.
    8. Shengyuan Zhang & Jimin Zhao, 2016. "Low-Carbon Futures for Shenzhen’s Urban Passenger Transport System," HKUST IEMS Working Paper Series 2016-33, HKUST Institute for Emerging Market Studies, revised Jun 2016.
    9. Liu, Yunxia & Hong, Zaisheng & Liu, Yong, 2016. "Do driving restriction policies effectively motivate commuters to use public transportation?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 253-261.
    10. Marsden, Greg & Frick, Karen & May, Anthony D. & Deakin, Elizabeth, 2010. "How do cities approach policy innovation and policy learning? A study of 30 policies in Northern Europe and North America," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt6zg615xx, University of California Transportation Center.
    11. Willoughby, Christopher, 2013. "How much can public private partnership really do for urban transport in developing countries?," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 34-55.
    12. Marsden, Greg & Frick, Karen Trapenberg & May, Anthony D. & Deakin, Elizabeth, 2010. "How do cities approach policy innovation and policy learning? A study of 30 policies in Northern Europe and North America," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt7hn2h8g1, University of California Transportation Center.
    13. Yan Liu & Zhijun Yan & Su Liu & Yuting Wu & Qingmei Gan & Chao Dong, 2017. "The effect of the driving restriction policy on public health in Beijing," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 85(2), pages 751-762, January.
    14. Sun, Weizeng & Zheng, Siqi & Wang, Rui, 2015. "The capitalization of subway access in home value: A repeat-rentals model with supply constraints in Beijing," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 104-115.
    15. Hua Ma & Guizhen He, 2016. "Effects of the Post-Olympics Driving Restrictions on Air Quality in Beijing," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(9), pages 1-15, September.
    16. Marsden, G. & Frick, K.T. & May, A.D. & Deakin, E., 2011. "How do cities approach policy innovation and policy learning? A study of 30 policies in Northern Europe and North America," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 501-512, May.
    17. Wang, Lanlan & Xu, Jintao & Qin, Ping, 2014. "Will a driving restriction policy reduce car trips?—The case study of Beijing, China," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 279-290.
    18. Nie, Yu (Marco), 2017. "On the potential remedies for license plate rationing," Economics of Transportation, Elsevier, vol. 9(C), pages 37-50.

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