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Impacts of vehicle restrictions on urban transport flows: The case of Santiago, Chile


  • de Grange, Louis
  • Troncoso, Rodrigo


Regression models are employed to quantify the effects of vehicle restrictions on private and public transport passenger flows in Santiago, Chile using trip flow data for cars, buses and the city's Metro rail system. Estimates are derived for the effects of two restrictions: a permanent measure applied from April through August 2008 to vehicles without catalytic converters and additional measures that banned the use of vehicles with catalytic converters between 7:30Â am and 9Â pm on days declared as environmental "pre-emergencies" due to high air pollution levels. The estimates show that the permanent restriction had no impact on the use of private cars while the additional restriction curtailed their use by 5.5%. Also, on pre-emergency days the flow of passengers to the Metro increased by about 3% while the bus network showed no statistically significant increase. The pre-emergency restrictions thus had an effect on the ridership of the Metro but not on the bus network as alternatives to the use of private cars.

Suggested Citation

  • de Grange, Louis & Troncoso, Rodrigo, 2011. "Impacts of vehicle restrictions on urban transport flows: The case of Santiago, Chile," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 862-869, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:18:y:2011:i:6:p:862-869

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Lucas W. Davis, 2008. "The Effect of Driving Restrictions on Air Quality in Mexico City," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 116(1), pages 38-81, February.
    2. Eskeland, Gunnar S & Feyzioglu, Tarhan, 1997. "Rationing Can Backfire: The "Day without a Car" in Mexico City," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 11(3), pages 383-408, September.
    3. Viegas, José M., 2001. "Making urban road pricing acceptable and effective: searching for quality and equity in urban mobility," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 8(4), pages 289-294, October.
    4. Rouwendal, Jan & Verhoef, Erik T., 2006. "Basic economic principles of road pricing: From theory to applications," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 106-114, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Muhammad Halley Yudhistira & Regi Kusumaatmadja & Mochammad Firman Hidayat, 2018. "Does Trafic Management Matter? Evaluating Congestion Effect of Odd-Even Policy in Jakarta," LPEM FEBUI Working Papers 201829, LPEM, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Indonesia, revised 2018.
    2. Francisco Gallego & Juan-Pablo Montero & Christian Salas, 2011. "The Effect of Transport Policies on Car Use: Theory and Evidence from Latin American Cities," Documentos de Trabajo 407, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
    3. repec:eee:transa:v:118:y:2018:i:c:p:89-103 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Gallego, Francisco & Montero, Juan-Pablo & Salas, Christian, 2013. "The effect of transport policies on car use: A bundling model with applications," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(S1), pages 85-97.
    5. Wang, Lanlan & Xu, Jintao & Zheng, Xinye & Qin, Ping, "undated". "Will a Driving Restriction Policy Reduce Car Trips? A Case Study of Beijing, China," Discussion Papers dp-13-11-efd, Resources For the Future.
    6. repec:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:18:p:5092-:d:268141 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Claudia N. Berg & Uwe Deichmann & Yishen Liu & Harris Selod, 2017. "Transport Policies and Development," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(4), pages 465-480, April.
    8. Paul E. Carrillo & Andrea Lopez & Arun Malik, 2016. "Pollution or Crime: The Effect of Driving Restrictions on Criminal Activity," Working Papers 2016-31, The George Washington University, Institute for International Economic Policy.
    9. Rivera, Nathaly M., 2017. "The Effectiveness of Temporary Driving Restrictions: Evidence from Air Pollution, Vehicle Flows, and Mass-Transit Users in Santiago," 2017 Annual Meeting, July 30-August 1, Chicago, Illinois 259182, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    10. repec:eee:pubeco:v:164:y:2018:i:c:p:50-69 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. repec:eee:juecon:v:102:y:2017:i:c:p:106-122 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Carrillo, Paul E. & Lopez-Luzuriaga, Andrea & Malik, Arun S., 2018. "Pollution or crime: The effect of driving restrictions on criminal activity," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 164(C), pages 50-69.
    13. Paul E. Carrillo & Andrea Lopez & Arun Malik, 2016. "Pollution or Crime: The Effect of Driving Restrictions on Criminal Activity," Working Papers 2016-31, The George Washington University, Institute for International Economic Policy.
    14. repec:eee:wdevel:v:119:y:2019:i:c:p:100-110 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Yan Liu & Zhijun Yan & Su Liu & Yuting Wu & Qingmei Gan & Chao Dong, 2017. "The effect of the driving restriction policy on public health in Beijing," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 85(2), pages 751-762, January.
    16. Wang, Lanlan & Xu, Jintao & Qin, Ping, 2014. "Will a driving restriction policy reduce car trips?—The case study of Beijing, China," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 279-290.
    17. Linn, Joshua & Wang, Zhongmin & Xie, Lunyu, 2016. "Who will be affected by a congestion pricing scheme in Beijing?," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 34-40.
    18. repec:eee:trapol:v:60:y:2017:i:c:p:119-130 is not listed on IDEAS


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