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The difference between kinship and friendship: (Field-) experimental evidence on trust and punishment

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  • Vollan, Björn

Abstract

This paper reports on a one-shot trust experiment with and without third party punishment (TPP). Participants were recruited such that each session contains multiple people who are friends, family members, and unrelated villagers. Participants were either paired with one of their reported family members, a friend or an unrelated villager. The design enables to (1) compare levels of trust and trustworthiness shown to family members vs. friends vs. unrelated villagers, (2) examine the propensity of third parties to punish selfish behaviour exhibited between friends, family members and villagers, and (3) examine the effect potential punishment has on trust and trustworthiness among family, friends and villagers. So far, microeconomic experiments have not investigated kinship in an anonymous way and also its relation to punishment is unknown. Experimental trust and trustworthiness varies between only 20% when playing with a villager and nearly 80% when matched with a family member. TPP significantly increases trust and trustworthiness in interactions among villagers and friends, but TPP is detrimental among family members.

Suggested Citation

  • Vollan, Björn, 2011. "The difference between kinship and friendship: (Field-) experimental evidence on trust and punishment," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 14-25, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:soceco:v:40:y:2011:i:1:p:14-25
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Simone Gobien & Björn Vollan, 2016. "Exchanging Land for Solidarity: Solidarity Transfers among Voluntarily Resettled and Non-resettled Land-Reform Beneficiaries," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 98(3), pages 802-818.
    2. Torero, Maximo & Viceisza, Angelino C.G., 2016. "Potential collusion and trust: Evidence from a field experiment in Vietnam," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 0(Number 1), pages 1-11.
    3. Binzel, Christine & Fehr, Dietmar, 2013. "Giving and sorting among friends: Evidence from a lab-in-the-field experiment," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 121(2), pages 214-217.
    4. Simone Gobien & Bj�rn Vollan, 2013. "Playing with the social network: Social cohesion in resettled and non-resettled communities in Cambodia," Working Papers 2013-16, Faculty of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck.
    5. Alistair Munro, 2015. "Intra-household Experiments: a survey and some methodological observations," GRIPS Discussion Papers 15-03, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies.
    6. Midler, Estelle & Pascual, Unai & Drucker, Adam G. & Narloch, Ulf & Soto, José Luis, 2015. "Unraveling the effects of payments for ecosystem services on motivations for collective action," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 120(C), pages 394-405.
    7. repec:spr:inrvec:v:64:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s12232-017-0282-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Dorrit Posel & Tim Hinks, 2013. "Trusting Neighbours or Strangers in a Racially Divided Society: Insights from Survey Data in South Africa," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 22(1), pages 136-162, January.
    9. Gulyás, Attila, 2011. "Diktátor a barátom? A barátság és a méltányosság kapcsolata
      [Is my friend a dictator? The relation between friendship and impartiality]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(5), pages 430-444.
    10. H. Sun & M. Bigoni, 2015. "A Fine Rule From a Brutish World? An Experiment on Endogenous Punishment Institution and Trust," Working Papers wp1031, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    11. repec:eee:joepsy:v:64:y:2018:i:c:p:105-115 is not listed on IDEAS

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