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Financial reforms and technical efficiency in Indian commercial banking: A generalized stochastic frontier analysis

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  • Bhattacharyya, Aditi
  • Pal, Sudeshna

Abstract

In this study we estimate technical efficiency of Indian commercial banks from 1989 to 2009, using a multiple-output generalized stochastic production frontier and analyze the effects of financial reforms on estimated efficiency. The generalized method estimates technical efficiency in the presence of multiple outputs, filling a gap in the existing literature. Our results show that Indian commercial banks were operating with 64% efficiency on average during the sample period. The initial phase of reform had a positive impact on while the later phase adversely affected technical efficiency of banks. Public sector banks show higher efficiency levels compared to private and foreign banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Bhattacharyya, Aditi & Pal, Sudeshna, 2013. "Financial reforms and technical efficiency in Indian commercial banking: A generalized stochastic frontier analysis," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 109-117.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:revfin:v:22:y:2013:i:3:p:109-117 DOI: 10.1016/j.rfe.2013.04.002
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    Cited by:

    1. Henningsen, Arne & Bělín, Matěj & Henningsen, Géraldine, 2017. "New insights into the stochastic ray production frontier," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 156(C), pages 18-21.
    2. Sensoy, Ahmet & Tabak, Benjamin M., 2014. "Dynamic spanning trees in stock market networks: The case of Asia-Pacific," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, pages 387-402.
    3. Mostak Ahamed, M., 2017. "Asset quality, non-interest income, and bank profitability: Evidence from Indian banks," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 1-14.
    4. Tzeremes, Nickolaos G., 2015. "Efficiency dynamics in Indian banking: A conditional directional distance approach," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 240(3), pages 807-818.
    5. Thilakaweera, Bolanda Hewa & Harvie, Charles & Arjomandi, Amir, 2016. "Branch expansion and banking efficiency in Sri Lanka’s post‐conflict era," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, pages 45-57.
    6. Gulati, Rachita & Kumar, Sunil, 2016. "Assessing the impact of the global financial crisis on the profit efficiency of Indian banks," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 167-181.
    7. Mostak Ahamed, M. & Mallick, Sushanta K., 2017. "House of restructured assets: How do they affect bank risk in an emerging market?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 1-14.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Technical efficiency; Generalized stochastic production frontier; Indian commercial banks; Financial reforms; Liberalization;

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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