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House of restructured assets: How do they affect bank risk in an emerging market?

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  • Mostak Ahamed, M.
  • Mallick, Sushanta K.

Abstract

Emerging market banks continue to grapple with growing non-performing assets (NPAs), making regulatory intervention inevitable to avoid bank failure following corporate default. In the context of India, bankruptcy reforms were enacted for the first time in 2016 in the form of a unified Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code. In this paper, we investigate the impact of a regulatory intervention by the Indian central bank over the last decade in leading an attempt to prevent bank failure in the absence of a sound bankruptcy process. We assess how the volume of restructured assets at bank level impacted risk taking of Indian banks over the time period 2003–2012. During this period, a large number of banks restructured their distressed assets as a means to reduce NPAs. Our results show that higher levels of restructured assets significantly reduced risk taking as banks benefited from low provisioning, and this relation is more pronounced for banks that had lower loan loss provisions. We also find that by restructuring distressed assets, public sector banks benefited significantly more in improving their stability than private sector domestic and foreign banks. Overall, our main results suggest that similar regulatory support in the absence of a strong legal-system, can be implemented to avoid bank fragility in other emerging market economies.

Suggested Citation

  • Mostak Ahamed, M. & Mallick, Sushanta K., 2017. "House of restructured assets: How do they affect bank risk in an emerging market?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 1-14.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:intfin:v:47:y:2017:i:c:p:1-14
    DOI: 10.1016/j.intfin.2016.11.012
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    2. Poshakwale, Sunil & Aghanya, Daniel & Agarwal, Vineet, 2020. "The impact of regulations on compliance costs, risk-taking, and reporting quality of the EU banks," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).
    3. Memanova, Tamilyam & Mylonidis, Nikolaos, 2020. "Exploring the nexus between bank market power and exports," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 222-233.
    4. Sushanta Mallick & Aarti Rughoo & Nickolaos G. Tzeremes & Wei Xu, 0. "Technological Change and Catching-Up in the Indian Banking Sector: A Time-Dependent Nonparametric Frontier Approach," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 0, pages 1-21.
    5. Bui, Tung Duy & Bui, Hoai Thi Mai, 2020. "Threshold effect of economic openness on bank risk-taking: Evidence from emerging markets," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 790-803.
    6. Mostak Ahamed, M., 2017. "Asset quality, non-interest income, and bank profitability: Evidence from Indian banks," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 1-14.
    7. Sushanta Mallick & Aarti Rughoo & Nickolaos G. Tzeremes & Wei Xu, 2020. "Technological Change and Catching-Up in the Indian Banking Sector: A Time-Dependent Nonparametric Frontier Approach," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 56(1), pages 217-237, June.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank risk taking; Restructuring; Ownership structure;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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