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The impact of foreign technological innovation on domestic employment via the industry mix

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  • Gagliardi, Luisa

Abstract

This paper analyses how differences in the industry composition of British local labour markets moderate the impact of foreign technological competition in manufacturing on domestic employment, both overall and across subsamples of workers with different skill levels (high, intermediate and low). To this scope, it exploits both variations across industries in the exposure to the introduction of new technologies, and information on how such industries are combined in shaping the industrial structure of each place. The analysis shows that places that specialise in industries undergoing substantial technological competition due to foreign innovation experience a reduction in total employment that is 4.5% larger than places less exposed based on their initial industry mix. This negative performance is mainly explained by a decrease in the employment opportunities for intermediate-skilled workers. Limited support is found for successful adaptation trajectories over time across British local labour markets.

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  • Gagliardi, Luisa, 2019. "The impact of foreign technological innovation on domestic employment via the industry mix," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(6), pages 1523-1533.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:respol:v:48:y:2019:i:6:p:1523-1533
    DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2019.03.005
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    Cited by:

    1. Luisa Gagliardi & Simona Iammarino & Andres Rodriguez-Pose, 2021. "Exposure to OFDI and regional labour markets: Evidence for routine and non-routine jobs in Great Britain," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 2101, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Jan 2021.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Industry mix; Local labour markets; Employment; Technological competition; Skills;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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