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Open access to data: An ideal professed but not practised

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  • Andreoli-Versbach, Patrick
  • Mueller-Langer, Frank

Abstract

Data-sharing is an essential tool for replication, validation and extension of empirical results. Using a hand-collected data set describing the data-sharing behaviour of 488 randomly selected empirical researchers, we provide evidence that most researchers in economics and management do not share their data voluntarily. We derive testable hypotheses based on the theoretical literature on information-sharing and relate data-sharing to observable characteristics of researchers. We find empirical support for the hypotheses that voluntary data-sharing significantly increases with (a) academic tenure, (b) the quality of researchers, (c) the share of published articles subject to a mandatory data-disclosure policy of journals, and (d) personal attitudes towards “open science” principles. On the basis of our empirical evidence, we discuss a set of policy recommendations.

Suggested Citation

  • Andreoli-Versbach, Patrick & Mueller-Langer, Frank, 2014. "Open access to data: An ideal professed but not practised," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(9), pages 1621-1633.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:respol:v:43:y:2014:i:9:p:1621-1633
    DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2014.04.008
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jacqmin, Julien, 2018. "Why are some online courses more open than others?," MPRA Paper 89929, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. repec:eee:respol:v:48:y:2019:i:1:p:62-83 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Garret Christensen & Edward Miguel, 2018. "Transparency, Reproducibility, and the Credibility of Economics Research," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 56(3), pages 920-980, September.
    4. repec:zbw:espost:200704 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Kenney, Martin & Patton, Donald, 2015. "Gender, ethnicity and entrepreneurship in initial public offerings: illustrations from an open database," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 44(9), pages 1773-1784.
    6. Mueller-Langer, Frank & Andreoli-Versbach, Patrick, 2018. "Open access to research data: Strategic delay and the ambiguous welfare effects of mandatory data disclosure," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 20-34.
    7. repec:zbw:espost:200119 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Frank Mueller-Langer & Benedikt Fecher & Dietmar Harhoff & Gert G. Wagner, 2017. "The Economics of Replication," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1640, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    9. repec:spr:scient:v:114:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s11192-017-2629-y is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Sven Vlaeminck & Gert G. Wagner & Joachim Wagner & Dietmar Harhoff & Olaf Siegert, 2013. "Replizierbare Forschung in den Wirtschaftswissenschaften erhöhen – eine Herausforderung für wissenschaftliche Infrastrukturdienstleister," Working Paper Series of the German Council for Social and Economic Data 224, German Council for Social and Economic Data (RatSWD).
    11. Mueller-Langer, Frank & Fecher, Benedikt & Harhoff, Dietmar & Wagner, Gert G., 2019. "Replication studies in economics—How many and which papers are chosen for replication, and why?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 62-83.
    12. Vlaeminck, Sven & Herrmann, Lisa-Kristin, 2015. "Data Policies and Data Archives: A New Paradigm for Academic Publishing in Economic Sciences?," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 145-155.
    13. Fecher, Benedikt & Fräßdorf, Mathis & Wagner, Gert G., 2016. "Perceptions and Practices of Replication by Social and Behavioral Scientists: Making Replications a Mandatory Element of Curricula Would Be Useful," IZA Discussion Papers 9896, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    14. repec:gam:jpubli:v:4:y:2016:i:2:p:17-:d:72354 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Frank Mueller-Langer & Michael Gerstenberger & Julian Hackinger & Benjamin Heisig, 2013. "A Brief Guide for the Creation of Author-specific Citation Metrics and Publication Data Using the Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Scopus Databases," Working Paper Series of the German Council for Social and Economic Data 228, German Council for Social and Economic Data (RatSWD).
    16. repec:zbw:espost:180896 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Lis-Gutiérrez, Jenny-Paola, 2015. "Gestión de la propiedad intelectual en museos
      [Management of intellectual property in museums]
      ," MPRA Paper 68098, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Voluntary data-sharing; Mandatory data-disclosure; Open science;

    JEL classification:

    • B40 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - General
    • C80 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - General
    • L59 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Other

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