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Outline of the economic and technical problems associated with the co-combustion of biomass in Poland


  • Piwowar, Arkadiusz
  • Dzikuć, Maciej


The paper presents the economic and technical problems associated with the use of biomass in co-combustion processes in the energy sector in Poland. The particular attention was paid to the extent of the use of biomass in the energy sector, the technologies and techniques applied, as well as the economic determinants. As it results from the analyses, the co-combustion of biomass in Poland is a predominant direction in the "green" energy production. Co-combustion processes are carried out mainly with the use of direct combustion technologies in the largest entities operating in the energy market. The widespread use of biomass in the Polish energy sector results in specific problems, such as those associated with the prices of green certificates and the import of biomass. Currently, the Polish renewable energy sector is developing as intended. However, the validity of the funds spending, which aimed at supporting renewable energy sources (RES), may raise some doubts. This results from insufficient monitoring of the amount of energy produced on the basis of renewable sources, which in 2012 led to over-production of the RES-based energy and, consequently, to a significant decrease in prices of green certificates.

Suggested Citation

  • Piwowar, Arkadiusz & Dzikuć, Maciej, 2016. "Outline of the economic and technical problems associated with the co-combustion of biomass in Poland," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 415-420.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:54:y:2016:i:c:p:415-420
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.10.044

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Budzianowski, Wojciech Marcin, 2011. "Can ‘negative net CO2 emissions’ from decarbonised biogas-to-electricity contribute to solving Poland’s carbon capture and sequestration dilemmas?," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 6318-6325.
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    4. Favero, Alice & Massetti, Emanuele, 2014. "Trade of woody biomass for electricity generation under climate mitigation policy," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 166-190.
    5. Ericsson, Karin, 2007. "Co-firing—A strategy for bioenergy in Poland?," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 32(10), pages 1838-1847.
    6. Yuanyuan Shao & Jinsheng Wang & Fernando Preto & Jesse Zhu & Chunbao Xu, 2012. "Ash Deposition in Biomass Combustion or Co-Firing for Power/Heat Generation," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(12), pages 1-19, December.
    7. Bukowski, Marcin, 2012. "Mechanizmy wsparcia finansowego energetyki odnawialnej w Polsce i krajach Europy," Problems of World Agriculture / Problemy Rolnictwa Światowego, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, vol. 12(27), pages 1-11, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Arkadiusz Piwowar, 2020. "Agricultural Biogas—An Important Element in the Circular and Low-Carbon Development in Poland," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(7), pages 1-12, April.
    2. Wȩdzik, Andrzej & Siewierski, Tomasz & Szypowski, Michał, 2017. "Green certificates market in Poland – The sources of crisis," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 490-503.
    3. Nakomcic-Smaragdakis, Branka & Cepic, Zoran & Dragutinovic, Natasa, 2016. "Analysis of solid biomass energy potential in Autonomous Province of Vojvodina," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 186-191.
    4. Piwowar, Arkadiusz & Dzikuć, Maciej & Adamczyk, Janusz, 2016. "Agricultural biogas plants in Poland – selected technological, market and environmental aspects," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 69-74.
    5. Brauers, Hanna & Oei, Pao-Yu, 2020. "The political economy of coal in Poland: Drivers and barriers for a shift away from fossil fuels," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 144(C).
    6. Joselin Herbert, G.M. & Unni Krishnan, A., 2016. "Quantifying environmental performance of biomass energy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 292-308.
    7. Azevedo, Susana Garrido & Sequeira, Tiago & Santos, Marcelo & Mendes, Luis, 2019. "Biomass-related sustainability: A review of the literature and interpretive structural modeling," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 171(C), pages 1107-1125.
    8. Magdalena Matusiak & Radosław Ślęzak & Stanisław Ledakowicz, 2020. "Thermogravimetric Kinetics of Selected Energy Crops Pyrolysis," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(15), pages 1-15, August.

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