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Persistence in urban form: The long-run durability of employment centers in metropolitan areas

  • Redfearn, Christian L.
Registered author(s):

    This paper documents a marked persistence in the spatial distribution of employment in the Los Angeles Metropolitan Area. Over a medium-term of twenty years -- a period of pronounced growth and change in the region's employment and population -- lagged employment density dominates access variables in explaining levels and ranks of current employment density. Similarly, the probability that a tract is located within a current employment center is largely a function of past membership rather than proximity to highways or the central business district. Moreover, longer-term persistence is also readily apparent: concentrations of employment a century ago explain the current distribution of employment as well as access to the modern highway system. This stability in the location of employment and employment concentrations over medium- and longer-terms suggests important roles for agglomeration, adjustment costs, and the durability of fixed investment in modeling the evolution of metropolitan areas.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V89-4TNWGR0-2/2/78ae6466e896cd8323847e59216d95ca
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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Regional Science and Urban Economics.

    Volume (Year): 39 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 2 (March)
    Pages: 224-232

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:regeco:v:39:y:2009:i:2:p:224-232
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/regec

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