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Zoning and the Economic Geography of Cities

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  • Allison Shertzer

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  • Tate Twinam

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  • Randall Walsh

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Abstract

Comprehensive zoning is ubiquitous in U.S. cities, yet surprisingly little is known about its long-run impacts. This paper provides the first attempt to measure the causal effect of land use regulation over the long term. The results indicate that zoning has had a broader and more significant impact on the spatial distribution of economic activity than was previously believed. In particular, zoning may be more important than either geography or transportation networks – the workhorses of urban economic geography models – in explaining where commercial and industrial activity are located. [Working Paper 22658]

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  • Allison Shertzer & Tate Twinam & Randall Walsh, 2016. "Zoning and the Economic Geography of Cities," Working Papers id:11331, eSocialSciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:11331
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Melanie Krause & André Seidel, 2020. "Land Scarcity and Urban Density within Cities," CESifo Working Paper Series 8660, CESifo.
    2. Twinam, Tate, 2017. "Danger zone: Land use and the geography of neighborhood crime," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 104-119.
    3. Han, Wenjing & Zhang, Xiaoling & Zheng, Xian, 2020. "Land use regulation and urban land value: Evidence from China," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 92(C).
    4. Ghent, Andra C., 2021. "What’s wrong with Pittsburgh? Delegated investors and liquidity concentration," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 139(2), pages 337-358.
    5. Silvia Beghelli & Gianni Guastella & Stefano Pareglio, 2020. "Governance fragmentation and urban spatial expansion: Evidence from Europe and the United States [Governance-Fragmentierung und urbane räumliche Expansion: Erkenntnisse aus Europa und den USA]," Review of Regional Research: Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer;Gesellschaft für Regionalforschung (GfR), vol. 40(1), pages 13-32, April.
    6. Siodla, James, 2017. "Clean slate: Land-use changes in San Francisco after the 1906 disaster," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 1-16.
    7. Daniel Aaronson & Daniel Hartley & Bhashkar Mazumder, 2017. "The Effects of the 1930s HOLC \"Redlining\" Maps," Working Paper Series WP-2017-12, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
    8. Samuel Bell & Thomas Marlow & Kai Wombacher & Anina Hitt & Neev Parikh & Andras Zsom & Scott Frickel, 2020. "Automated data extraction from historical city directories: The rise and fall of mid-century gas stations in Providence, RI," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 15(8), pages 1-12, August.
    9. Anthony Yezer & William Larson & Weihua Zhao, 2018. "An Examination of the Link between Urban Planning Policies and the High Cost of Housing and Labor," Working Papers 2018-6, The George Washington University, Institute for International Economic Policy.
    10. Twinam, Tate, 2018. "The long-run impact of zoning: Institutional hysteresis and durable capital in Seattle, 1920–2015," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 155-169.
    11. Dietrich Earnhart & Sarah Jacobson & Yusuke Kuwayama & Richard T. Woodward, 2019. "Discretionary Exemptions from Environmental Regulation: Flexibility for Good or for Ill," Department of Economics Working Papers 2019-11, Department of Economics, Williams College.
    12. Brian Beach & Daniel B. Jones & Tate Twinam & Randall Walsh, 2018. "Minority Representation in Local Government," NBER Working Papers 25192, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Tian Yang & Jinsong Liu & Qianwei Ying & Tahir Yousaf, 2019. "Media Coverage and Sustainable Stock Returns: Evidence from China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(8), pages 1-18, April.
    14. Jifei Zhang & Chunyan Liu & Fei Chang, 2019. "A New Approach for Multifunctional Zoning of Territorial Space: The Panxi Area of the Upper Yangtze River in China Case Study," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(8), pages 1-19, April.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Comprehensive zoning ; causal effect of land use regulation ; spatial distribution ; economic activity ; transportation networks ; urban economic geography;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H7 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations
    • N42 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
    • R3 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location

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