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Polycentrism in the Spanish metropolitan system: an analysis for 7 metro areas

  • Carlos Marmolejo Duarte

    ()

  • Carlos Aguirre Nuñez
  • Eduardo Chica Mejia
  • Claudia Perez Prieto
  • Jaume Masip Tresserra

    ()

Registered author(s):

    Polycentrism is becoming one of the dominant structures in contemporary metropolises. Concentrated decentralization and the integration of formerly independent cities by the reduction of travel time are behind of such a process. In this paper, the spatial structure of the seven biggest metro areas in Spain is depicted. By analyzing employment density and travel-to-work data the polycentric structure of them is detected at the time that the functional borders are delimited. Results suggest a very heterogeneous image where Barcelona and Bilbao emerge as the most polycentric areas at the time that Madrid, Seville and Zaragoza have a structure more orientated towards monocentrism. Clearly polycentric structure seems to be influenced by the orographic nature in which each metropolitan area lays in.

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    File URL: http://www-sre.wu.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa11/e110830aFinal00118.pdf
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    Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa11p119.

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    Date of creation: Sep 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa11p119
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    1. Rafael Boix & Paolo Veneri, 2009. "Metropolitan Areas in Spain and Italy," IERMB Working Paper in economics 0901, Institut d'Estudis Regionals i Metropolitans de Barcelona.
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    5. Henderson, J. Vernon & Shalizi, Zmarak & Venables, Anthony J., 2000. "Geography and development," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2456, The World Bank.
    6. McMillen, Daniel P. & Smith, Stefani C., 2003. "The number of subcenters in large urban areas," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(3), pages 321-338, May.
    7. Daniel P. McMillen, 2002. "The center restored: Chicago's residential price gradient reemerges," Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, issue Q II, pages 2-11.
    8. R Cervero & K-L Wu, 1997. "Polycentrism, commuting, and residential location in the San Francisco Bay area," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 29(5), pages 865-886, May.
    9. Redfearn, Christian L., 2007. "The topography of metropolitan employment: Identifying centers of employment in a polycentric urban area," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(3), pages 519-541, May.
    10. P Gordon & H W Richardson & H L Wong, 1986. "The distribution of population and employment in a polycentric city: the case of Los Angeles," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 18(2), pages 161-173, February.
    11. Genevieve Giuliano & Christian Redfearn & Ajay Agarwal & Chen Li & Duan Zhuang, 2007. "Employment concentrations in Los Angeles, 1980 – 2000," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 39(12), pages 2935-2957, December.
    12. McMillen, Daniel P., 2003. "The return of centralization to Chicago: using repeat sales to identify changes in house price distance gradients," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 287-304, May.
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