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Calibration of a monocentric city model with mixed land use and congestion

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  • McDonald, John F.

Abstract

A model of a monocentric city with traffic congestion is specified and calibrated to metropolitan Chicago for 1956. The computations suggest that the market allocation of households to locations (i.e., rings) differed from an efficient location pattern. In 1956 the Chicago CBD had employment of 593,000, which was 29% of employment in the metropolitan area. The remaining employment was widely dispersed. A more efficient allocation places up to 11.5% more households in the rings nearest to the CBD, given the location pattern of employment. Other policies, such as increasing work trips by public transit and charging time-of-day tolls to shift the rush hour to other times, are shown to reduce congestion costs and to reduce the amount of population redistribution needed to achieve an efficient population distribution.

Suggested Citation

  • McDonald, John F., 2009. "Calibration of a monocentric city model with mixed land use and congestion," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 90-96, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:regeco:v:39:y:2009:i:1:p:90-96
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fujita,Masahisa, 1991. "Urban Economic Theory," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521396455.
    2. Kanemoto, Yoshitsugu, 1980. "Theories of urban externalities," MPRA Paper 24614, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Sullivan, Arthur M., 1983. "The general equilibrium effects of congestion externalities," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 80-104, July.
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    6. Sullivan, Arthur M., 1983. "A general equilibrium model with external scale economies in production," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 235-255, March.
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    8. Sullivan, Arthur M., 1983. "Second-best policies for congestion externalities," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 105-123, July.
    9. Wheaton, William C., 2004. "Commuting, congestion, and employment dispersal in cities with mixed land use," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 417-438, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Rafa Madariaga & Joan Martori & Ramon Oller, 2014. "Income, distance and amenities. An empirical analysis," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 1129-1146, November.
    2. Larson, William & Yezer, Anthony, 2015. "The energy implications of city size and density," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 35-49.
    3. repec:eee:retrec:v:62:y:2017:i:c:p:68-79 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Gabriel M. Ahfeldt & Elisabetta Pietrostefani, 2017. "The Compact City in Empirical Research: A Quantitative Literature Review," SERC Discussion Papers 0215, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
    5. Larson, William & Liu, Feng & Yezer, Anthony, 2012. "Energy footprint of the city: Effects of urban land use and transportation policies," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 147-159.
    6. Ahfeldt, Gabriel M. & Pietrostefani, Elisabetta, 2017. "The compact city in empirical research: A quantitative literature review," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 83638, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    7. Tongfei Li & Jianjun Wu & Huijun Sun & Ziyou Gao, 2016. "Integrated Co-evolution Model of Land Use and Traffic Network Design," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 16(2), pages 579-603, June.
    8. Li, Zhi-Chun & Chen, Ya-Juan & Wang, Ya-Dong & Lam, William H.K. & Wong, S.C., 2013. "Optimal density of radial major roads in a two-dimensional monocentric city with endogenous residential distribution and housing prices," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(6), pages 927-937.
    9. repec:eee:transb:v:111:y:2018:i:c:p:244-265 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:bla:ecinqu:v:55:y:2017:i:2:p:714-735 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. repec:bla:presci:v:96:y:2017:i:1:p:163-190 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Georg Hirte & Stefan Tscharaktschiew, 2015. "Why not to choose the most convenient labor supply model? The impact of labor supply modeling on policy evaluation," ERSA conference papers ersa15p303, European Regional Science Association.
    13. Tsekeris, Theodore & Geroliminis, Nikolas, 2013. "City size, network structure and traffic congestion," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 1-14.
    14. repec:eee:transb:v:103:y:2017:i:c:p:269-290 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Li, Zhi-Chun & Lam, William H.K. & Wong, S.C. & Choi, Keechoo, 2012. "Modeling the effects of integrated rail and property development on the design of rail line services in a linear monocentric city," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 46(6), pages 710-728.

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