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Impact of electronic road pricing on real estate prices in Singapore

Author

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  • Agarwal, Sumit
  • Koo, Kang Mo
  • Sing, Tien Foo

Abstract

Since 1998, Singapore has had an Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) system set up with a network of toll gantries to tax vehicles entering designated areas in the city center during peak hours. Using the congestion rate hike with effect from November 1, 2010 as an exogenous shock, we test the effects of the ERP rate hike on retail, office and residential real estate prices. The results show that the November 2010 congestion toll rate increases cause a 19% drop in retail real estate prices within the cordon ERP areas relative to retail real estate prices outside the cordon ERP areas. The results are statistically and economically significant. However, the toll rate hike has no significant impact private office and residential real estate within cordoned ERP areas. The robustness and falsification tests could not reject the negative effects associated with the toll rate hike on retail real estate prices.

Suggested Citation

  • Agarwal, Sumit & Koo, Kang Mo & Sing, Tien Foo, 2015. "Impact of electronic road pricing on real estate prices in Singapore," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 50-59.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:juecon:v:90:y:2015:i:c:p:50-59
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jue.2015.09.004
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. De Borger, Bruno & Russo, Antonio, 2018. "The political economy of cordon tolls," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 133-148.
    2. Cheng Keat Tang, 2016. "Traffic Externalities and Housing Prices: Evidence from the London Congestion Charge," SERC Discussion Papers 0205, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
    3. Huang, Naqun & Li, Jing & Ross, Amanda, 2018. "The impact of the cost of car ownership on the house price gradient in Singapore," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 160-171.
    4. Börjesson, Maria & Kristoffersson, Ida, 2018. "The Swedish congestion charges: Ten years on," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 35-51.
    5. Eliasson, Jonas, 2017. "Congestion pricing," MPRA Paper 88224, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Jean-Philippe Meloche, 2019. "Towards a New Era in Road Pricing? Lessons from the Experience of First Movers," CIRANO Working Papers 2019s-35, CIRANO.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Congestion charge; Traffic management; Electric Road Pricing (ERP); Real estate prices;

    JEL classification:

    • D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior
    • R3 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location
    • R4 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics
    • R5 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis

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