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Impact of uncertainty on high frequency response of the U.S. stock markets to the Fed's policy surprises

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  • Marfatia, Hardik A.

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of uncertainty on estimated response of stock returns to U.S. monetary policy surprise. This is motivated by the Lucas island model which suggests an inverse relationship between the effectiveness of a policy and the level of uncertainty in the economy. Using high frequency daily data from the Federal funds futures market, we first estimate the response of S&P 500 stock returns to monetary policy surprises within the time varying parameter (TVP) model. We then analyze the relationship of these time varying estimates with the benchmark VIX index and alternative measures of uncertainty. Evidence suggests a significant negative relationship between the level of uncertainty and the time varying response of S&P 500 stock returns to unanticipated changes in the interest rate. Thus, at higher levels of uncertainty the impact of monetary policy shocks on stock markets is lower. The results are robust to different measures of uncertainty.

Suggested Citation

  • Marfatia, Hardik A., 2014. "Impact of uncertainty on high frequency response of the U.S. stock markets to the Fed's policy surprises," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(3), pages 382-392.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:quaeco:v:54:y:2014:i:3:p:382-392
    DOI: 10.1016/j.qref.2013.12.003
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    Cited by:

    1. Dimitrios I. Vortelinos, 2015. "The Effect of Macro News on Volatility and Jumps," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 16(2), pages 425-447, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fed funds futures market; Monetary policy; Stock returns; Time-varying parameter model; VIX; Uncertainty;

    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading

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