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State ownership and bank equity in the Asia-Pacific region


  • Hossain, Mahmud
  • Jain, Pankaj K.
  • Mitra, Santanu


Our study examines the effectiveness of worldwide banking regulations and government involvement in providing a balanced risk–reward trade-off to bank shareholders during both normal time periods and the periods of financial crisis. Ownership structure varies across world regions with government holding bigger stakes in the Asia-Pacific region and Latin America than in North America. Partial state ownership of banks, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region, helped avoid sharp losses during financial crises without sacrificing returns in normal periods. The restrictions on the types of activities reduce bank riskiness and wealth losses during the crisis period but they also stifle innovations and returns during normal time periods.

Suggested Citation

  • Hossain, Mahmud & Jain, Pankaj K. & Mitra, Santanu, 2013. "State ownership and bank equity in the Asia-Pacific region," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 914-931.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:pacfin:v:21:y:2013:i:1:p:914-931 DOI: 10.1016/j.pacfin.2012.06.004

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Nagano, Mamoru, 2016. "The bank–firm relationship during economic transition: The impacts on bank performance in emerging economies," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 117-139.
    2. Ji Wu & Hosung Lim & Bang Nam Jeon, 2016. "The Impact of Foreign Banks on Monetary Policy Transmission During the Global Financial Crisis of 2008–2009: Evidence from Korea," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 52(7), pages 1574-1586, July.
    3. Inoguchi, Masahiro, 2013. "Interbank market, stock market, and bank performance in East Asia," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 136-156.
    4. repec:eee:finana:v:54:y:2017:i:c:p:23-38 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Lin, Kun-Li & Doan, Anh Tuan & Doong, Shuh-Chyi, 2016. "Changes in ownership structure and bank efficiency in Asian developing countries: The role of financial freedom," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 19-34.
    6. Ali, Abdelrahman Elzahi Saaid, 2016. "Poverty Alleviation through Microfinance in North-East Kenya Province," Working Papers 2016-9, The Islamic Research and Teaching Institute (IRTI).
    7. Jeon, Bang Nam & Wu, Ji, 2014. "The role of foreign banks in monetary policy transmission: Evidence from Asia during the crisis of 2008–9," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 96-120.
    8. Linnenluecke, Martina K. & Chen, Xiaoyan & Ling, Xin & Smith, Tom & Zhu, Yushu, 2016. "Emerging trends in Asia-Pacific finance research: A review of recent influential publications and a research agenda," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 66-76.
    9. Ashraf, Dawood & Ramady, Mohamed & Albinali, Khalid, 2016. "Financial fragility of banks, ownership structure and income diversification: Empirical evidence from the GCC region," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 56-68.
    10. Edgardo Cayón, 2014. "The Effects of Contagion During the Global Financial Crisis in Government-Regulated and Sponsored Assets in Emerging Markets," PhD Thesis, Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney, number 30.

    More about this item


    State ownership; Bank regulation; International; Asia-Pacific; Financial crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • F5 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy
    • M4 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting


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