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The decision to list abroad: The case of ADRs and foreign IPOs by Chinese companies

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  • Zhang, Cinder Xinde
  • King, Tao-Hsien Dolly

Abstract

This paper examines the decision to list abroad by Chinese companies in the form of ADRs and foreign IPOs from 1993 to 2005. Our sample consists of 33 ADRs, 218 foreign IPOs, and a sample of 1418 domestic listings. We find evidence to support that issuers are motivated to cross-list due to the legal and accounting standards of the foreign markets, more stringent listing requirements and closer regulatory monitoring, significant demands for external capital due to rapid growth, an expanded shareholder base, and foreign expertise. The motives and firm factors differ by the type of issue (ADR versus foreign IPO) and by the market in which the foreign exchange is located (Hong Kong versus Singapore). Subsequent to the listing events, issuers experience a significant drop in profitability, tangible assets ratio, and asset turnover. There is no significant change in capital expenditure. Stock returns after the listing events are generally negative for ADR and foreign IPO stocks. More significantly, these stocks under-perform the market in the post-event window ranging from 3 days to 3 years.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhang, Cinder Xinde & King, Tao-Hsien Dolly, 2010. "The decision to list abroad: The case of ADRs and foreign IPOs by Chinese companies," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 71-92, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:mulfin:v:20:y:2010:i:1:p:71-92
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Pan, Lee-Hsien & Lin, Chien-Ting & Yang, Pei-Chi, 2013. "Corporate governance, growth opportunities, and the choices of cross-listings: The case of Chinese ADRs," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 221-234.
    2. He, Hui & Yang, Jiawen, 2012. "Day and night returns of Chinese ADRs," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 2795-2803.
    3. Hongmei Xu, 2015. "Why do Small Chinese Firms List on Frankfurt Stock Exchange?," China Economic Policy Review (CEPR), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 4(01), pages 1-18, June.
    4. Hornstein, Abigail S., 2014. "The impact of local governance institutions on foreign market listings: The case of Chinese firms," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 46-67.
    5. Xu, Hongmei, 2014. "Why do small Chinese firms list on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange?," Discussion Papers of the Institute for Organisational Economics 11/2014, University of Münster, Institute for Organisational Economics.
    6. Tourani-Rad, Alireza & Gilbert, Aaron & Chen, Jun, 2016. "Are foreign IPOs really foreign? Price efficiency and information asymmetry of Chinese foreign IPOs," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 95-106.
    7. Yongli Luo, 2014. "Cross-listing, managerial compensation and corporate governance," Cogent Economics & Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(1), pages 1-17, December.
    8. Busaba, Walid Y. & Guo, Lin & Sun, Zhenzhen & Yu, Tong, 2015. "The dark side of cross-listing: A new perspective from China," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 1-16.
    9. repec:eee:riibaf:v:41:y:2017:i:c:p:109-124 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Luo, Yongli & Fang, Fang & Esqueda, Omar A., 2012. "The overseas listing puzzle: Post-IPO performance of Chinese stocks and ADRs in the U.S. market," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 193-211.
    11. repec:eee:worbus:v:53:y:2018:i:4:p:555-567 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Cross-listing ADR Foreign IPOs;

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