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Cross-Listing and Operating Performance: Evidence from Exchange-Listed American Depositary Receipts

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  • Andreas Charitou
  • Christodoulos Louca

Abstract

In this paper we examine the operating performance of non-US firms that enter major US stock exchanges using American Depositary Receipt (ADR) programs. Our dataset consists of 108 capital-raising and non-capital-raising firms from twenty four countries, cross-listed on major US stock exchanges during the period 1994-2004. We provide evidence that capital-raising cross-listed firms experience improvements in their operating performance after the listing, relative to a non-cross-listed matched sample of firms and relative to the pre-listing period, whereas non-capital-raising cross-listed firms out-perform a non-cross-listed matched sample of firms for both the pre-listing and the post-listing periods. These results suggest that the type of ADR program conveys information about changes in the post-listing operating performance. Moreover, both capital-raising and non-capital-raising cross-listed firms have positive abnormal returns due to the cross-listing and these abnormal returns are positively related with the post-listing abnormal changes in operating performance, suggesting that the market anticipates the post-listing abnormal changes in operating performance. Results are robust after adjusting for various firm and country risk characteristics. Copyright (c) 2009 The Authors Journal compilation (c) 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Andreas Charitou & Christodoulos Louca, 2009. "Cross-Listing and Operating Performance: Evidence from Exchange-Listed American Depositary Receipts," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(1-2), pages 99-129.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jbfnac:v:36:y:2009-01:i:1-2:p:99-129
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    Cited by:

    1. Thierry Foucault & Laurent Frésard, 2012. "Cross-Listing, Investment Sensitivity to Stock Price, and the Learning Hypothesis," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 25(11), pages 3305-3350.
    2. Jyh-Dean Hwang, 2013. "Are There Valuation and Operating Performance Gains from International Cross Listing? Evidence from Taiwan’s Depositary Receipt Issuers," Eurasian Business Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 3(2), pages 137-163, December.
    3. Esqueda, Omar A. & Jackson, Dave O., 2015. "Cross-listing performance and insider ownership: The experience of U.S. investors," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 32, pages 77-94.
    4. Flavin, Thomas & O'Connor, Thomas, 2010. "The sequencing of stock market liberalization events and corporate financing decisions," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 183-204, September.
    5. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Chang, Chi-Hung & Chen, Mei-Ping, 2015. "Industry co-movements of American depository receipts: Evidences from the copula approaches," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 301-314.

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