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Labour supply in presence of taxation financing public services. An experimental approach

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  • Ortona, Guido
  • Ottone, Stefania
  • Ponzano, Ferruccio
  • Scacciati, Francesco

Abstract

This paper shows the results of an experiment aiming to test the effect of taxation on the labour supply. Differently from previous experiments [Lévy-Garboua, L., Masclet, D., & Montmarquette, C. (2005). Fiscalité et offre de travail: Une étude experimentale. CIRANO, Montréal, working paper 2005, s-23; Sillamaa, M.A., (1999). Taxpayer behavior in response to taxation: Comment and new experimental evidence. Journal of Accounting and Public Policy, 18; Sutter, M., & Weck-Hannemann, H. (2003). Taxation and the veil of ignorance - A real effort experiment of the Laffer curve. Public Choice, 115; Swenson, C.W., (1988). Taxpayer behavior in response to taxation. An experimental analysis. Journal of Accounting and Public Policy, 7], in our experiment the revenue of taxation is not left unaccounted for but employed - more realistically - to finance public goods and insurance against risk (i.e., a Welfare State). The result is a slight increase in the labour supply. This behaviour is the opposite of what was shown in the experiments quoted above, but is consistent with a theoretical model suggested by Bird in 2001 [Bird, E.J., (2001). Does the welfare state induce risk-taking? Journal of Public Economics, 80]. The use of the tax revenue appears to be relevant for subjects' reaction to tax levies.

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  • Ortona, Guido & Ottone, Stefania & Ponzano, Ferruccio & Scacciati, Francesco, 2008. "Labour supply in presence of taxation financing public services. An experimental approach," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 619-631, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:joepsy:v:29:y:2008:i:5:p:619-631
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Taxation Labour supply Real effort experiment;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs

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