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L'altruismo: atteggiamento irrazionale, strategia vincente o amore per il prossimo?

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  • Ottone, Stefania

Abstract

La teoria dell'Homo Oeconomicus ha fornito una visione formalizzata dell'uomo che, dominato da una natura tendenzialmente egoista, agisce principalmente nel suo interesse. Questa immagine dell'uomo non e' pero' sempre in linea con l'evidenza empirica. Il contributo proveniente da studi condotti nel campo della sociobiologia e della psicologia ha permesso di superare in parte i limiti della teoria economica classica permettendo di delineare un modello di uomo meno rigoroso, ma al tempo stesso piu' completo. La conclusione e' che la natura dell'uomo non e' univoca, come allo stesso modo non lo sono le conseguenze delle sue azioni. L'obiettivo di questo lavoro e' proprio quello di ripercorrere le principali tappe che hanno visto modificarsi l'immagine che l'economia ha dell'uomo e della sua natura, a partire dall'Homo Oeconomicus fino ad arrivare al piu' moderno Homo Oeconomicus Maturus il cui comportamento e' determinato non solo dalle leggi di mercato, ma anche dai propri impulsi emotivi.

Suggested Citation

  • Ottone, Stefania, 2001. "L'altruismo: atteggiamento irrazionale, strategia vincente o amore per il prossimo?," POLIS Working Papers 19, Institute of Public Policy and Public Choice - POLIS.
  • Handle: RePEc:uca:ucapdv:19
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    File URL: http://polis.unipmn.it/pubbl/RePEc/uca/ucapdv/ottone.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Montrucchio, Luigi & Privileggi, Fabio, 2001. "On Fragility of Bubbles in Equilibrium Asset Pricing Models of Lucas-Type," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 101(1), pages 158-188, November.
    2. Becker, Gary S, 1981. "Altruism in the Family and Selfishness in the Market Place," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 48(189), pages 1-15, February.
    3. Andreoni, James, 1995. "Cooperation in Public-Goods Experiments: Kindness or Confusion?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(4), pages 891-904, September.
    4. Zanola, Roberto, 2000. "Public goods versus publicly provided private goods in a two-class economy," POLIS Working Papers 12, Institute of Public Policy and Public Choice - POLIS.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • A12 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines
    • A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
    • C70 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - General

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