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Exchange rate regimes and the international transmission of business cycles: Capital account openness matters

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  • Kim, Kyunghun
  • Pyun, Ju Hyun

Abstract

We investigate the role of exchange rate regimes in the international transmission of business cycles during the global financial crisis. We find that exchange rate regimes alone did not account for differences in the international transmission of business cycles during the crisis. However, analysis considering capital account openness and countries with currencies pegged to the U.S. dollar indicates that exchange rate regimes play an important role in shaping business cycle co-movement: adopting a fixed regime with high capital account openness (additionally) increased business cycle co-movement with the United States during the crisis, whereas U.S. dollar peggers with relatively restrictive capital accounts during the crisis were not found to affect business cycle transmission.

Suggested Citation

  • Kim, Kyunghun & Pyun, Ju Hyun, 2018. "Exchange rate regimes and the international transmission of business cycles: Capital account openness matters," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 44-61.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:87:y:2018:i:c:p:44-61
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2018.05.006
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exchange rate regime; Business cycle co-movement; Capital account openness; Global financial crisis; Trilemma;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F44 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Business Cycles

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