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Reaching for yield and the diabolic loop in a monetary union

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  • Boubaker, Sabri
  • Gounopoulos, Dimitris
  • Nguyen, Duc Khuong
  • Paltalidis, Nikos

Abstract

We use the theoretical framework of Acharya and Naqvi (2019) to introduce a macro-financial model where the “reaching for yield” incentivized by a loosening monetary policy in the United States mitigates the diabolic loop in a Monetary Union. We provide empirical evidence that the introduction of an accommodative monetary policy by the Fed lowers the yields in US assets and increases liquidity and, by extension, the threshold above which a liquidity shock can damage a bank. This, in turn, incentivizes bank managers to optimize their portfolios by investing in risky assets. We use a monetary VAR to provide novel empirical evidence that there is an increase in the flow of funds to European assets, a result which can be attributed to the “reaching-for-yield” incentive. This portfolio balance channel attenuates the effects of financial fragility and improves government funding costs as well as credit conditions by providing liquidity to domestic banks and assets. As a result, the “reaching-for-yield” incentive mitigates the diabolic loop effect.

Suggested Citation

  • Boubaker, Sabri & Gounopoulos, Dimitris & Nguyen, Duc Khuong & Paltalidis, Nikos, 2020. "Reaching for yield and the diabolic loop in a monetary union," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 108(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:108:y:2020:i:c:s0261560620300917
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2020.102157
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Diabolic loop; Financial intermediation; Sovereign debt;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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