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The health consequences of aerial spraying illicit crops: The case of Colombia

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  • Camacho, Adriana
  • Mejía, Daniel

Abstract

This paper exploits variations in aerial spraying across time and space in Colombia and employs a panel of individual health records in order to study the causal effects of the aerial spraying of herbicides (glyphosate) on short-term health-related outcomes. Our results show that exposure to the herbicide used in aerial spraying campaigns increases the number of medical consultations related to dermatological and respiratory illnesses, as well as the number of miscarriages. These findings are robust to the inclusion of individual fixed effects, which compare the prevalence of these medical conditions for the same person under different levels of exposure to the herbicide used in the aerial spraying program over a period of 5 years. Also, our results are robust to controlling for the extent of illicit coca cultivation in the municipality of residence.

Suggested Citation

  • Camacho, Adriana & Mejía, Daniel, 2017. "The health consequences of aerial spraying illicit crops: The case of Colombia," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 147-160.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jhecon:v:54:y:2017:i:c:p:147-160
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2017.04.005
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Reyes, Luis Carlos, 2014. "Estimating the Causal Effect of Forced Eradication on Coca Cultivation in Colombian Municipalities," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 70-84.
    2. Daniel Mejía & Pascual Restrepo & Sandra V. Rozo, 2017. "On the Effects of Enforcement on Illegal Markets: Evidence from a Quasi-Experiment in Colombia," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 31(2), pages 570-594.
    3. Mejia, Daniel & Restrepo, Pascual, 2016. "The economics of the war on illegal drug production and trafficking," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 126(PA), pages 255-275.
    4. Grossman, Michael, 1972. "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 223-255, March-Apr.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Daniel Mejía & Pascual Restrepo & Sandra V. Rozo, 2017. "On the Effects of Enforcement on Illegal Markets: Evidence from a Quasi-Experiment in Colombia," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 31(2), pages 570-594.
    2. Mateus Dias & Rudi Rocha & Rodrigo R. Soares, 2019. "Down the River: Glyphosate Use in Agriculture and Birth Outcomes of Surrounding Populations," Documentos de Trabajo LACEA 017176, The Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association - LACEA.
    3. Mejía, Daniel & Vargas, Juan F. & Prem, Mounu, 2019. "The rise and persistence of illegal crops: evidence from a naive policy announcement," Working papers 17, Red Investigadores de Economía.
    4. Dias, Mateus & Rocha, Rudi & Soares, Rodrigo R., 2019. "Glyphosate Use in Agriculture and Birth Outcomes of Surrounding Populations," IZA Discussion Papers 12164, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Varios autores, 2020. "Lecturas sobre Derecho de Tierras. Tomo IV," Books, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Facultad de Derecho, number 1210.
    6. Juan Pablo Cote, 2019. "The Effect of Interdiction on Coca Cultivation in Colombia," Documentos CEDE 017316, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
    7. Joan Calzada & Meritxell Gisbert & Bernard Moscoso, 2021. "The hidden cost of bananas: pesticide effects on newborns’ health," UB Economics Working Papers 2021/405, Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat d'Economia i Empresa, UB School of Economics.
    8. Lucas Marín Llanes, 2020. "Unintended Consequences of Alternative Development Programs: Evidence From Colombia's Illegal Crop Substitution," Documentos CEDE 018468, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
    9. Muñoz-Mora, Juan Carlos & Tobón, Santiago & d’Anjou, Jesse Willem, 2018. "The role of land property rights in the war on illicit crops: Evidence from Colombia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 268-283.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Aerial spraying; Health outcomes; Plan Colombia; Glyphosate;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development
    • H75 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare

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