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Rice market integration and food security in Nepal: The role of cross-border trade with India


  • Sanogo, Issa
  • Maliki Amadou, Mahamane


Coarse rice market integration between Nepal and India is analyzed applying a threshold autoregressive model. The price response behaviour of traders is found to be consistent with an asymmetric price adjustment mechanism, indicating coarse rice prices in Nepal respond to shocks originating in India. The results show that adjustments to negative price deviations from long-run stable equilibrium are faster than adjustments to the positive ones given a null threshold. Given that trade flows mainly from India to Nepal, Nepali traders would adjust their prices upward to align with the long-run equilibrium value relatively more quickly in the case of negative price deviations, than if the price deviations were positive. Such a high speed of adjustment to negative price deviations could be detrimental to net food buyers' food security status in the absence of a price stabilization mechanism. However, a price stabilization policy in Nepal, a food deficit and import dependent country, would hardly have any effect on prices unless further effort is made to build up the level of national food reserves for short-term food security interventions. In the current context of structurally low levels of national food reserves, an alternative short-term policy such as foreign aid, in the form of food or income transfers, targeting the most vulnerable households to price increases is necessary through social safety net programmes. In the long-run, an improvement of transportation infrastructure between market hubs (other than the Biratnagar trade basin) in the Terai (Nepal) and India would contribute to the reduction of transaction costs and create incentives for more competition in formal cross-border trade with India. In times of negative shocks such as the high food price crisis in 2008, restrictive food trade policies in India will continue to undermine household food security in Nepal.

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  • Sanogo, Issa & Maliki Amadou, Mahamane, 2010. "Rice market integration and food security in Nepal: The role of cross-border trade with India," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 312-322, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfpoli:v:35:y:2010:i:4:p:312-322

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    2. Ntsama Etoundi, Mireille, 2012. "La relation de prix entre le Cameroun et le Gabon
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    4. Mishra, B. & Poudel, K.L. & Mishra, D.R., 2016. "Effect of Change in Indian Rice Price on Nepalese Rice Market: A Partial Equilibrium Model," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 29(1).
    5. Shrestha, Rudra Bahadur & Huang, Wen-Chi & Ghimire, Raju, 2014. "Market Price Cointegration Of Tomato: Effects To Nepalese Farmers," International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics (IJFAEC), Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, Department of Economics and Finance, vol. 2(2), pages 1-10, April.
    6. Chizari, Amir Hossein & Sani, Masoud Fehresti & Kalashami, Mohammad Kavoosi, 2013. "Investigating Market Integration and Price Transmission of Different Rice Qualities in Iran," International Journal of Agricultural Management and Development (IJAMAD), Iranian Association of Agricultural Economics, vol. 3(4), pages 1-7, December.
    7. Alam, Mohammad Jahangir & Begum, Ismat Ara, 2012. "World and Bangladesh Rice Market Integration: An Application of Threshold Cointegration and Threshold Vector Error Correction Model (TVECM)," 86th Annual Conference, April 16-18, 2012, Warwick University, Coventry, UK 135119, Agricultural Economics Society.
    8. Loening, Josef L., 2011. "Lao People’s Democratic Republic: responding to rice price inflation," MPRA Paper 33443, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Bairagi, S. & Mohanty, S., 2018. "Analysis of Price Transmission along the Cambodian Rice Value Chain," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 277022, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    10. repec:ers:journl:v:v:y:2017:i:2:p:69-82 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Alam, Mohammad Jahangir & McKenzie, Andrew M. & Buysse, Jeroen & Begum, Ismat Ara & Wailes, Eric J. & Van Huylenbroeck, Guido, 2012. "Measuring Market Integration in the Presence of Threshold Effect: The Case of Bangladesh Rice Markets," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 124435, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    12. Mohammad J Alam & Raghbendra Jha, 2016. "Asymmetric threshold vertical price transmission in wheat and flour markets in Dhaka (Bangladesh): seemingly unrelated regression analysis," ASARC Working Papers 2016-03, The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre.
    13. Hiroyuki Takeshima & Yanyan Liu, 2018. "The Role of Plant-Breeding R&D in Tractor Adoption among Smallholders in Asia: Insights from Nepal Terai," Working Papers id:12748, eSocialSciences.
    14. Khanal, Uttam & Wilson, Clevo & Hoang, Viet-Ngu & Lee, Boon, 2018. "Farmers' Adaptation to Climate Change, Its Determinants and Impacts on Rice Yield in Nepal," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 144(C), pages 139-147.
    15. Tatiana Papiashvili & Svetlana Saksonova & Ramona Rupeika-Apoga, 2017. "FDI Attraction: Comparative Analysis of the Baltic States and Georgia," International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), vol. 0(3), pages 81-93.


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