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Does firm heterogeneity affect foreign market entry and exit symmetrically? Empirical evidence for French firms

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  • Engel, Dirk
  • Procher, Vivien
  • Schmidt, Christoph M.

Abstract

This paper studies the internationalization behaviour of French companies using more than 330,000 observations for three two-year intervals. We analyse the ‘symmetric’ role of productivity and other major firm attributes to characterize companies that enter into and exit from foreign markets. High levels of productivity are documented to be characteristic of companies deciding to engage in exporting or foreign direct investment (FDI). However, there does not seem to be a significant correlation between productivity and divestment decisions. Moreover, companies with corporate shareholders are more likely to intensify their international engagement and to retain their cross-border activities. Finally, high levels of short-term and long-term debt tend to increase the likelihood of entry into a more intense international engagement.

Suggested Citation

  • Engel, Dirk & Procher, Vivien & Schmidt, Christoph M., 2013. "Does firm heterogeneity affect foreign market entry and exit symmetrically? Empirical evidence for French firms," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 35-47.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jeborg:v:85:y:2013:i:c:p:35-47
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2012.10.016
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    Cited by:

    1. Görg, Holger & Spaliara, Marina-Eliza, 2013. "Export market exit, financial pressure and the crisis," CEPR Discussion Papers 9599, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Bouët, Antoine & Vaubourg, Anne-Gaël, 2015. "Financial constraints and international trade with endogenous mode of competition:," IFPRI discussion papers 1438, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. repec:eee:respol:v:46:y:2017:i:10:p:1810-1823 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Hecht, Veronika & Moritz, Michael & Noska, Patricia & Schäffler, Johannes, 2016. "Types of FDI and determinants of affiliate size: the classification makes the difference," IAB Discussion Paper 201625, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    5. Holger Görg & Marina-Eliza Spaliara, 2014. "Exporters in the Financial Crisis," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 228(1), pages 49-57, May.
    6. Marta Bisztray, 2016. "The effect of foreign-owned large plant closures on nearby firms," IEHAS Discussion Papers 1623, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
    7. Görg, Holger & Spaliara, Marina-Eliza, 2018. "Export market exit and financial health in crises periods," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 150-163.
    8. repec:eee:iburev:v:27:y:2018:i:3:p:528-542 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Spiros Bougheas & Hosung Lim & Simona Mateut & Paul Mizen & Cihan Yalcin, "undated". "Foreign Currency Borrowing, Exports and Firm Performance: Evidence from a Currency Crisis," Working Papers wp16, South East Asian Central Banks (SEACEN) Research and Training Centre.
    10. Bouët, Antoine & Vaubourg, Anne-Gaël, 2016. "Financial constraints and international trade with endogenous mode of competition," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 179-194.
    11. Iza Lejárraga & Harald Oberhofer, 2015. "Performance of small- and medium-sized enterprises in services trade: evidence from French firms," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 45(3), pages 673-702, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign markets; Entry; Exit; Exporting; FDI;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
    • L21 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Business Objectives of the Firm
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities

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