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Assessing bank competition for consumer loans

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  • Bolt, Wilko
  • Humphrey, David

Abstract

Based on frontier analysis, we derive inferences of bank consumer loan competition from estimating a revenue-cost ‘competition efficiency’ (CE) frontier. The competitiveness of the $400 billion U.S. bank consumer loan market is then assessed by comparing results from our frontier CE measure with other competition measures, such as HHI, Lerner Index, and H-Statistic. These measures are weakly related to one another and only half of them identify banks with the highest loan price as also being the least competitive. This is the opposite of what is expected. Using the frontier CE measure, the most and least competitive banks are not located in the most populous states and the largest banks are underrepresented. Overall, the HHI should not be used to indicate competition.

Suggested Citation

  • Bolt, Wilko & Humphrey, David, 2015. "Assessing bank competition for consumer loans," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 127-141.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:61:y:2015:i:c:p:127-141
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2015.09.004
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:rfb:journl:v:09:y:2017:i:1:p:007-026 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Samangi Bandaranayake & Kuntal Das & W. Robert Reed, 2017. "A Replication of “Are Competitive Banking Systems More Stable?” (Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking, 2009)," Working Papers in Economics 17/01, University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance.
    3. Pierpaolo GIANNOCCOLO & José Manuel MANSILLA-FERNÁNDEZ, 2017. "Bank Restructuring, Competition, and Lending Supply: Evidence from the Spanish Banking Sector," Departmental Working Papers 2017-16, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
    4. Bolt, Wilko & Humphrey, David, 2015. "A frontier measure of U.S. banking competition," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 246(2), pages 450-461.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Consumer loans; Bank competition; Frontier analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • L80 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - General
    • L00 - Industrial Organization - - General - - - General

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