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Estimating the degree of operating efficiency gains from a potential bank merger and acquisition: A DEA bootstrapped approach

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  • Halkos, George E.
  • Tzeremes, Nickolaos G.

Abstract

We propose a bootstrapped Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)-based procedure to pre-calculate and pre-evaluate the short-run operating efficiency gains of a potential bank merger or acquisition (M&A). As an illustrative example, we apply our proposed procedure to investigate the degree of operating efficiency gains of 45 possible bank M&As in the Greek banking industry over the period from 2007 to 2011. The results reveal that a year before and a year after the initiation of the Greek fiscal crisis, the majority of the potential bank M&As under examination were unable to generate short-run operating efficiency gains. In addition, our results for 2011 indicate that the majority of bank M&As can lead to short-run operating efficiency gains. Finally, the empirical findings support the view that a merger or acquisition between efficient banks does not ensure an efficient bank M&A.

Suggested Citation

  • Halkos, George E. & Tzeremes, Nickolaos G., 2013. "Estimating the degree of operating efficiency gains from a potential bank merger and acquisition: A DEA bootstrapped approach," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 1658-1668.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:37:y:2013:i:5:p:1658-1668
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2012.12.009
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    Keywords

    Data envelopment analysis; Bootstrap techniques; Mergers and acquisitions; Bank efficiency; Greek fiscal crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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