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Investor protection and institutional investors’ incentive for information production

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  • Akron, Sagi
  • Samdani, Taufique

Abstract

We exploit a quasi-experimental setting in India to empirically demonstrate that non-discretionary allocation of book-building initial public offering (IPO) shares incentivizes institutional investors to understate the value of IPO shares in the primary market, so they can acquire shares at a lower price in the secondary market. Our IPO underpricing framework, which disentangles the effect of institutional investors’ incentive—associated with allocation policy, from the effect of underwriters’ risk—associated with underwriting contract, demonstrates that underpricing in book-building IPOs underwritten with firm-commitment contracts in India is higher in the post-September 2005 non-discretionary allocation investor protection period, than in the pre-September 2005 discretionary allocation period. Conversely, underpricing in fixed-price IPOs underwritten with firm-commitment contracts is lower in the post-September 2005 investor protection period than in the pre-September 2005 period. Overall, our findings, which are robust to endogneity concerns, reveal a policy tradeoff between information production and investor protection.

Suggested Citation

  • Akron, Sagi & Samdani, Taufique, 2017. "Investor protection and institutional investors’ incentive for information production," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 1-15.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:finsta:v:30:y:2017:i:c:p:1-15
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jfs.2017.03.001
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    Cited by:

    1. Colak, Gonul & Fu, Mengchuan & Hasan, Iftekhar, 2020. "Why are some Chinese firms failing in the US capital markets? A machine learning approach," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 61(C).
    2. Manhwa Wu & Paoyu Huang & Yensen Ni, 2020. "The Impact of Institutional Shareholdings on Price Limits," Asia-Pacific Financial Markets, Springer;Japanese Association of Financial Economics and Engineering, vol. 27(3), pages 343-361, September.
    3. Li, Qian & Wang, Jiamin & Bao, Liang, 2018. "Do institutions trade ahead of false news? Evidence from an emerging market," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 98-113.
    4. Lu, Yuechan & Samdani, Taufique, 2019. "The economic role of institutional investors in auction IPOs," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 267-281.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    IPO underpricing; Book-building versus fixed-price IPO; Firm-commitment versus best-efforts contracting; Non-discretionary allocation; Institutional investors and investor protection;

    JEL classification:

    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets
    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance

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