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Information content of IPO grading

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  • Deb, Saikat Sovan
  • Marisetty, Vijaya B.

Abstract

In the year 2007, Indian capital market regulator-SEBI, introduced a unique certification mechanism for IPOs whereby all IPOs have to undergo mandatory quality grading by independent rating agencies. In this paper we argue that such objective, independent and exogenous certifying mechanism provides a better opportunity to test the well established certification hypothesis, especially in the context of emerging markets with institutional voids. Using a sample of 163 Indian IPOs we test the efficacy of IPO grading mechanism. We find, grading decreases IPO underpricing and positively influences demand of retail investors. Grading reduces secondary market risk and improves liquidity. However, grading does not affect long run performance of the IPOs. IPO grading successfully capture firm size, business group affiliation and firm's quality of corporate governance. Our findings imply that, in emerging markets, regulator's role to signal the quality of an IPO contributes towards the market welfare.

Suggested Citation

  • Deb, Saikat Sovan & Marisetty, Vijaya B., 2010. "Information content of IPO grading," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(9), pages 2294-2305, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:34:y:2010:i:9:p:2294-2305
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:finsta:v:30:y:2017:i:c:p:1-15 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Neupane, Suman & Poshakwale, Sunil S., 2012. "Transparency in IPO mechanism: Retail investors’ participation, IPO pricing and returns," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(7), pages 2064-2076.
    3. Wadhwa, Kavita & Nagi Reddy, V. & Goyal, Abhinav & Mohamed, Abdulkadir, 2016. "IPOs and SEOs, real investments, and market timing: Emerging market evidence," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 21-41.
    4. Seshadev Sahoo, 2016. "Signalling by IPO grading: an empirical investigation," Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 6(1), pages 68-85.
    5. Khurshed, Arif & Paleari, Stefano & Pande, Alok & Vismara, Silvio, 2014. "Transparent bookbuilding, certification and initial public offerings," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 19(C), pages 154-169.
    6. Chauhan, Yogesh & Dey, Dipanjan Kumar & Jha, Rajneesh Ranjan, 2016. "Board structure, controlling ownership, and business groups: Evidence from India," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 63-83.
    7. Brooks, Raymond M. & Mathew, Prem G. & Yang, J. Jimmy, 2014. "When-issued trading in the Indian IPO market," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 19(C), pages 170-196.
    8. Jacob, Joshy & Agarwalla, Sobhesh Kumar, 2012. "Mandatory IPO Grading: Does it Help Pricing Efficiency?," IIMA Working Papers WP2012-12-07, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Research and Publication Department.
    9. repec:eee:glofin:v:34:y:2017:i:c:p:72-88 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Neupane, Suman & Paudyal, Krishna & Thapa, Chandra, 2014. "Firm quality or market sentiment: What matters more for IPO investors?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 207-218.
    11. Arnab Bhattacharya & Binay Bhushan Chakrabarti, 2014. "An Examination of Adverse Selection Risk in Indian IPO After-Markets using High Frequency Data," International Journal of Economic Sciences, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2014(3), pages 01-49.

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