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Auctioned IPOs: The U.S. Evidence

Author

Listed:
  • François DEGEORGE

    (University of Lugano and Swiss Finance Institute)

  • François DERRIEN

    (HEC Paris)

  • Kent L. WOMACK

    (Tuck School of Business, Dartmouth College)

Abstract

Between 1999 and 2007, WR Hambrecht has completed 19 IPOs in the U.S. using an auction mechanism. We analyze investor behavior and mechanism performance in these auctioned IPOs using detailed bidding data. The existence of some bids posted at high prices suggests that some investors (mostly retail) try to free-ride on the mechanism. But institutional demand in these auctions is very elastic, suggesting that institutional investors reveal information in the bidding process. Investor participation is largely predictable based on deal size, and demand is dominated by institutions. Flipping is equally prevalent in auctions as in bookbuilt deals – but unlike in bookbuilding, investors in auctions tend to flip their shares more in cold deals. Finally, we find that institutional investors, who provide more information, are rewarded by obtaining a larger share of the deals that have higher initial returns. Our results therefore suggest that auctioned IPOs could be an effective alternative to traditional bookbuilding.

Suggested Citation

  • François DEGEORGE & François DERRIEN & Kent L. WOMACK, "undated". "Auctioned IPOs: The U.S. Evidence," Swiss Finance Institute Research Paper Series 08-38, Swiss Finance Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:chf:rpseri:rp0838
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Mei-Hua Liao & Chien-Chih Lin & Yinrou Wang, 2011. "The Effects of Removing Price Limits: Evidence from Taiwan IPO Stocks," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(0), pages 40-52, November.
    2. Schnitzlein, Charles R. & Shao, Minjie, 2013. "Capacity constraints and the winner's curse in multi-unit common value auctions," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 188-201.
    3. Mei-Hua Liao & Chien-Chih Lin & Yinrou Wang, 2011. "The Effects of Removing Price Limits: Evidence from Taiwan IPO Stocks," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(0), pages 40-52, November.
    4. repec:eee:finsta:v:30:y:2017:i:c:p:1-15 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Neupane, Suman & Poshakwale, Sunil S., 2012. "Transparency in IPO mechanism: Retail investors’ participation, IPO pricing and returns," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(7), pages 2064-2076.
    6. repec:eee:corfin:v:47:y:2017:i:c:p:253-268 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Fabio Bertoni & Matteo Bonaventura & Giancarlo Giudici, 2013. "The allotment of IPO shares: placing strategies between retail versus institutional investors," Chapters,in: Handbook of Research on IPOs, chapter 10, pages 207-218 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    8. Seshadev Sahoo, 2015. "Subscription Rate and Volatility," Journal of Emerging Market Finance, Institute for Financial Management and Research, vol. 14(1), pages 20-58, April.
    9. Cerezo Sánchez, David, 2017. "An Optimal ICO Mechanism," MPRA Paper 81285, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Brooks, Raymond M. & Mathew, Prem G. & Yang, J. Jimmy, 2014. "When-issued trading in the Indian IPO market," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 19(C), pages 170-196.
    11. Jagannathan, Ravi & Jirnyi, Andrei & Sherman, Ann Guenther, 2015. "Share auctions of initial public offerings: Global evidence," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 283-311.
    12. Hsuan-Chi Chen & Sheng-Ching Wu, 2015. "Who Makes the Choice on IPO Underwriting Methods? Issuers Versus Underwriters," Financial Management, Financial Management Association International, vol. 44(4), pages 753-783, October.
    13. Neupane, Suman & Paudyal, Krishna & Thapa, Chandra, 2014. "Firm quality or market sentiment: What matters more for IPO investors?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 207-218.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Initial public offerings; investment banking; auctions;

    JEL classification:

    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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