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Liquidity in the pricing of syndicated loans

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  • Gupta, Anurag
  • Singh, Ajai K.
  • Zebedee, Allan A.

Abstract

We examine whether banks price expected liquidity in US syndicated term loans. Using extensive data we show that loans with higher expected liquidity have significantly lower spreads at origination, controlling for other determinants of loan spreads such as borrower, loan, syndicate and macroeconomic variables. A matched sample analysis confirms our results. We estimate that the pricing of expected liquidity results in annual savings of over $1.6 billion to the borrowers, in our sample alone. For the first time in the literature, we identify what influences the decision of financial intermediaries to make secondary markets for an asset, and the consequent pricing impact of this decision in the primary market.

Suggested Citation

  • Gupta, Anurag & Singh, Ajai K. & Zebedee, Allan A., 2008. "Liquidity in the pricing of syndicated loans," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 339-376, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:finmar:v:11:y:2008:i:4:p:339-376
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    Cited by:

    1. Godlewski, Christophe J., 2015. "The certification value of private debt renegotiation and the design of financial contracts: Empirical evidence from Europe," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 1-17.
    2. Engelberg, Joseph & Gao, Pengjie & Parsons, Christopher A., 2012. "Friends with money," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 103(1), pages 169-188.
    3. Bruche, Max & Segura, Anatoli, 2017. "Debt maturity and the liquidity of secondary debt markets," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 124(3), pages 599-613.
    4. Martin, Xiumin & Roychowdhury, Sugata, 2015. "Do financial market developments influence accounting practices? Credit default swaps and borrowers׳ reporting conservatism," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 80-104.
    5. repec:eee:ecolet:v:161:y:2017:i:c:p:10-14 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Benmelech, Efraim & Dlugosz, Jennifer & Ivashina, Victoria, 2012. "Securitization without adverse selection: The case of CLOs," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 106(1), pages 91-113.
    7. Deuskar, Prachi & Gupta, Anurag & Subrahmanyam, Marti G., 2011. "Liquidity effect in OTC options markets: Premium or discount?," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 127-160, February.
    8. Santos, João A.C. & Nigro, Peter, 2009. "Is the secondary loan market valuable to borrowers?," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(4), pages 1410-1428, November.
    9. Parlour, Christine A. & Winton, Andrew, 2013. "Laying off credit risk: Loan sales versus credit default swaps," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(1), pages 25-45.
    10. Jian Cai, 2009. "Competition or collaboration? The reciprocity effect in loan syndication," Working Paper 0909, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, revised 01 Apr 2010.
    11. Issam Hallak & Paul Schure, 2011. "Why Larger Lenders Obtain Higher Returns: Evidence from Sovereign Syndicated Loans," Financial Management, Financial Management Association International, vol. 40(2), pages 427-453, June.
    12. Bouwman, Christa H. S., 2013. "Liquidity: How Banks Create It and How It Should Be Regulated," Working Papers 13-32, University of Pennsylvania, Wharton School, Weiss Center.
    13. Berndt, Antje & Gupta, Anurag, 2009. "Moral hazard and adverse selection in the originate-to-distribute model of bank credit," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(5), pages 725-743, July.
    14. Brian J. Henderson & Heather Tookes, 2012. "Do Investment Banks' Relationships with Investors Impact Pricing? The Case of Convertible Bond Issues," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 58(12), pages 2272-2291, December.
    15. Jung-Hyun Ahn, 2010. "Loan Sales and Loan Market Competition," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 10(Financial), pages 241-262.
    16. Heather Tookes & Brian Henderson, 2010. "Do Investment Banks' Relationships with Investors Impact Pricing? The Case of Convertible Bond Issues," Yale School of Management Working Papers amz2667, Yale School of Management.
    17. Ivashina, Victoria & Sun, Zheng, 2011. "Institutional stock trading on loan market information," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 100(2), pages 284-303, May.

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