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Do financial market developments influence accounting practices? Credit default swaps and borrowers׳ reporting conservatism

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  • Martin, Xiumin
  • Roychowdhury, Sugata

Abstract

This paper investigates whether the initiation of trading in credit default swaps (CDSs) on a borrowing firm׳s outstanding debt is associated with a decline in that firm׳s reporting conservatism. CDS investments can modify lenders׳ payoffs on their loan portfolios by providing insurance on negative credit outcomes. The onset of CDS trading reduces lenders׳ incentives to continuously monitor borrowers and also their demand that borrowers report conservatively. Additionally, borrowers expect CDS-insured lenders to be more intransigent in renegotiations triggered by defaults and covenant violations. Since conservatism can trigger earlier covenant violations, borrowers have heightened incentives to report less conservatively in the post-CDS period. Using a differences-in-differences research design, we observe a decline in borrowing firms׳ reporting conservatism after CDS trade initiation. This effect is more pronounced when reputation costs lenders face from reducing monitoring are lower, when debt contracts outstanding at the time of CDS trade initiation have more financial covenants, and when lenders who monitor borrowers more regularly in the pre-CDS period enter into CDS contracts to hedge their credit exposures.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin, Xiumin & Roychowdhury, Sugata, 2015. "Do financial market developments influence accounting practices? Credit default swaps and borrowers׳ reporting conservatism," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 80-104.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jaecon:v:59:y:2015:i:1:p:80-104
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jacceco.2014.09.006
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:spr:reaccs:v:22:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11142-017-9411-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Beyhaghi, Mehdi & Massoud, Nadia & Saunders, Anthony, 2017. "Why and how do banks lay off credit risk? The choice between retention, loan sales and credit default swaps," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 335-355.
    3. Bai, Xuelian & Hu, Nan & Liu, Ling & Zhu, Lu, 2017. "Credit derivatives and stock return synchronicity," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 79-90.
    4. Jie Chen & Woon Sau Leung & Wei Song & Davide Avino, 2018. "Does CDS trading affect risk-taking incentives in managerial compensation?," Working Papers 2018-19, Swansea University, School of Management.
    5. Colonnello, Stefano, 2017. "Internal governance and creditor governance: Evidence from credit default swaps," IWH Discussion Papers 6/2017, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    6. repec:eee:jaecon:v:64:y:2017:i:1:p:56-77 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:kap:rqfnac:v:50:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11156-017-0639-8 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Credit default swaps; Timely loss recognition; Conservatism; Financial market developments; Lender monitoring;

    JEL classification:

    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets
    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General
    • M40 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - General
    • M41 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Accounting

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