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Convergence analysis of eco-efficiency of China’s cement manufacturers through unit root test of panel data

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  • Long, Xingle
  • Sun, Mei
  • Cheng, Faxin
  • Zhang, Jijian

Abstract

China has become the largest producer and consumer of cement worldwide. In 2011, carbon emissions of China’s cement industries accounted for 60.6% of cement carbon emissions worldwide. In this context, this paper mainly investigates whether eco-efficiency of China’s cement manufacturers has converging tendency or not. First, we evaluated eco-efficiency under directional distance function (DDF) and the directional slack-based measure (DSBM) to compare their biases. Furthermore, we also implement unit root test of panel data to testify convergence analysis upon eco-efficiency in different regions of China in order to overcoming the demerit of conventional convergence approach, which might have invalid inferences. Our empirical analysis revealed that eco-efficiency under DDF has gaps with that under DSBM due to excess input or output shortages. Eco-efficiency in the east, middle and west converged. It is necessary to substitute raw material, increase additive and improve waste use for China’s cement manufacturers.

Suggested Citation

  • Long, Xingle & Sun, Mei & Cheng, Faxin & Zhang, Jijian, 2017. "Convergence analysis of eco-efficiency of China’s cement manufacturers through unit root test of panel data," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 134(C), pages 709-717.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:134:y:2017:i:c:p:709-717
    DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2017.05.079
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    1. repec:spr:nathaz:v:92:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s11069-018-3265-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:eee:rensus:v:82:y:2018:i:p3:p:3962-3971 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:energy:v:148:y:2018:i:c:p:896-903 is not listed on IDEAS

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