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The determinants of individual happiness in Kazakhstan

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  • Kalyuzhnova, Yelena
  • Kambhampati, Uma

Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of social, economic and institutional changes on individual perceptions of happiness in Kazakhstan. We use household level data for Kazakhstan for 3 years--1996 (in the initial years of transition), 2001 (as it became a fully fledged transition economy) and 2006 (an emerging economy with a market system in many sectors including banking and finance). Data across these years allow us to consider how the transition as well as personal, household and regional factors have impacted on individual happiness. We find that the size of dwelling had a significant impact in all 3 years and that ethnic Kazakhs were happier than Russians as transition matured. We also find that living in regions of high unemployment, contrary to expectations, did not increase the unhappiness of individuals. This is because living in regions with high unemployment meant that the unemployed did not feel too marginalised from society. At the same time, it allowed the employed to feel particularly fortunate.

Suggested Citation

  • Kalyuzhnova, Yelena & Kambhampati, Uma, 2008. "The determinants of individual happiness in Kazakhstan," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 285-299, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecosys:v:32:y:2008:i:3:p:285-299
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Alin I. Florea & Steven B. Caudill, 2014. "Happiness, religion and economic transition," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 22(1), pages 1-12, January.
    2. Selezneva, Ekaterina, 2011. "Surveying transitional experience and subjective well-being: Income, work, family," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 139-157, June.
    3. Brück, Tilman & Esenaliev, Damir & Kroeger, Antje & Kudebayeva, Alma & Mirkasimov, Bakhrom & Steiner, Susan, 2014. "Household survey data for research on well-being and behavior in Central Asia," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 819-835.
    4. Popova, Olga, 2014. "Can religion insure against aggregate shocks to happiness? The case of transition countries," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 804-818.
    5. Bryukhanov, Maksym & Fedotenkov, Igor, 2017. "Religiosity and life satisfaction in Russia: Evidence from the Russian data," MPRA Paper 82750, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Gerhard Toews, 2013. "Inflated Expectations and Natural Resource Booms: Evidence from Kazakhstan," OxCarre Working Papers 109, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
    7. repec:spr:jhappi:v:19:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s10902-016-9826-x is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Cristina Bernini & Alessandro Tampieri, 2017. "Urbanization and its Effects on the Happiness Domains," CREA Discussion Paper Series 17-10, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.

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