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Inflation targeting and financial stability: Does the quality of institutions matter?

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  • Fazio, Dimas Mateus
  • Silva, Thiago Christiano
  • Tabak, Benjamin Miranda
  • Cajueiro, Daniel Oliveira

Abstract

Inflation targeting (IT) has recently been seen as one of the main causes of the authorities’ unresponsiveness to the build up of financial imbalances during the recent financial crisis. We take data from banks from 66 countries for the period of 1998-2014 and compare how institutional quality as perceived by the national population impacts financial stability in countries that adopted IT with those that did not. We find that, while banks from IT countries with high quality of institutions do not have their stability significantly enhanced by this policy (the “paradox of credibility”), countries with average levels of quality of institutions seem to benefit from it. In addition, in the estimations, IT and financial stability are negatively associated in countries with low levels of institutional quality, which is consistent with the fact that governments must have at least some trust of their population in order to conduct effective economic policies. This inverted U-shaped relationship between IT and financial stability as function of the institutional quality reflects the two opposing views in the literature regarding this topic.

Suggested Citation

  • Fazio, Dimas Mateus & Silva, Thiago Christiano & Tabak, Benjamin Miranda & Cajueiro, Daniel Oliveira, 2018. "Inflation targeting and financial stability: Does the quality of institutions matter?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 1-15.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:71:y:2018:i:c:p:1-15
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2017.09.011
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Quality of institutions; Inflation targeting; Financial stability;

    JEL classification:

    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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