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Analysis of child deprivation in India: Focus on health and educational perspectives

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  • Datta, Soumyendra Kishore
  • Singh, Krishna

Abstract

Children in many societies are found vulnerable to adverse socio-economic conditions, which usually undermine their growth and rob them of schooling opportunities. Without the availability of proper nutritional diet and full immunization, children suffer from underweight, stunted and wasted growth relative to their age. Poverty also weakens health and educational development of children. Principal Component Analysis has been applied to calculate a health related deprivation index for children. A recursive simultaneous equation framework has been used to explain the variation of health deprivation of children as well as educational deprivation across the major Indian states, on the basis of some identified explanatory variables. The health deprivation index’s empirical analysis reveals that factors such as poverty, female literacy rate, low body mass index of mother and full antenatal care, have significant association with the level of deprivation. The dropout rate of children is considered as reflective of their educational deprivation. Household characteristics of the deprived children indicate that female literacy, poverty, availability of electricity, gender of household’s head, fuel collection activity and children health status significantly influence the extent of their educational deprivation. This calls for urgent implementation of different government schemes for promoting better health and education of children of identified poor and deprived families.

Suggested Citation

  • Datta, Soumyendra Kishore & Singh, Krishna, 2016. "Analysis of child deprivation in India: Focus on health and educational perspectives," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 120-130.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecanpo:v:50:y:2016:i:c:p:120-130
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eap.2016.03.003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. D.P. Chaudhri & Raghbendra Jha, 2011. "Child Poverty and Compulsory Elementary Education in India: Policy Insights from Household Data Analysis," ASARC Working Papers 2011-04, The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre.
    2. Mothuri Venkatanarayana, 2005. "On the non-random distribution of educational deprivation of children in India," Centre for Development Studies, Trivendrum Working Papers 372, Centre for Development Studies, Trivendrum, India.
    3. Subha Mani, 2007. "Role of the Household and Community in Determining Child Health," WIDER Working Paper Series RP2007-78, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    4. Svedberg, Peter, 2000. "Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198292685.
    5. Michaelowa, Katharina, 2001. "Primary Education Quality in Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa: Determinants of Learning Achievement and Efficiency Considerations," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(10), pages 1699-1716, October.
    6. Wagstaff, Adam, 2003. "Child health on a dollar a day: some tentative cross-country comparisons," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 57(9), pages 1529-1538, November.
    7. Griffiths, Paula & Matthews, Zoë & Hinde, Andrew, 2002. "Gender, family, and the nutritional status of children in three culturally contrasting states of India," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 55(5), pages 775-790, September.
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