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Labor market opportunities and women's decision making power within households

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  • Majlesi, Kaveh

Abstract

Despite the perceived importance of labor market opportunities in shaping married women's outside option, and their bargaining power within households as a result, this link has received very little empirical attention. Using longitudinal data on who makes the decision on a wide range of issues within Mexican households and data from the administrative records of the Mexican Social Security Institute, this paper identifies the effects of relative changes in labor market opportunities for men and women on both working and non-working women's decision making power. I find that increases in labor market opportunities improve women's decision-making power as well as children's health. Using differential labor demand shocks across Mexican industries caused by China's admission to the WTO gives similar results.

Suggested Citation

  • Majlesi, Kaveh, 2016. "Labor market opportunities and women's decision making power within households," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 34-47.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:119:y:2016:i:c:p:34-47
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2015.10.002
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    Cited by:

    1. Rachel Heath & Seema Jayachandran, 2016. "The Causes and Consequences of Increased Female Education and Labor Force Participation in Developing Countries," NBER Working Papers 22766, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Heath, Rachel & Mushfiq Mobarak, A., 2015. "Manufacturing growth and the lives of Bangladeshi women," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 1-15.
    3. Elsayed, Ahmed & Roushdy, Rania, 2017. "Empowering Women under Social Constraints: Evidence from a Field Intervention in Rural Egypt," IZA Discussion Papers 11240, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Majlesi, Kaveh, 2014. "Demand for Low-Skilled Labor and Parental Investment in Children's Education: Evidence from Mexico," Working Papers 2014:5, Lund University, Department of Economics.
    5. Pierre-Richard Agénor, 2018. "A Theory of Social Norms, Women's Time Allocation, and Gender Inequality in the Process of Development," Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series 237, Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
    6. Fernando M. Aragon & Juan Pablo Rud & Gerhard Toews, 2015. "Mining closure, gender and employment reallocations: the case of UK coal mines," Discussion Papers dp15-09, Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University.
    7. Majlesi, Kaveh & Narciso, Gaia, 2018. "International import competition and the decision to migrate: Evidence from Mexico," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 75-87.
    8. Inés Berniell & Dolores de la Mata & Matilde P. Machado, 2013. "The impact of a permanent Income shock on the situation of women in the household: the case of a pension reform in Argentina," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 011037, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
    9. repec:eee:wdevel:v:96:y:2017:i:c:p:390-407 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:rsr:supplm:v:65:y:2017:i:12:p:10-16 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Fernando M Aragon & Pablo Rud & Gerhard Toews, 2015. "Mining Closure, Gender and Employment Reallocations: in the case of UK coal mines," OxCarre Working Papers 161, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
    12. VAN DEN BROECK, Goedele & MAERTENS, Miet, 2015. "Does Off-farm Employment Make Women in Rural Senegal Happy?," Working Papers 232593, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
    13. Jorge García Hombrados, 2017. "Child Marriage and Infant Mortality: Evidence from Ethiopia," Working Paper Series 1317, Department of Economics, University of Sussex.
    14. Chloé van Biljon, 2017. "The effect of old age pensions on child deprivation: revisiting the role of gender," Working Papers 13/2017, Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics.
    15. repec:eee:labeco:v:52:y:2018:i:c:p:54-67 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. repec:eee:deveco:v:127:y:2017:i:c:p:42-55 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. repec:eee:chieco:v:47:y:2018:i:c:p:116-141 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. repec:rsr:supplm:v:65:y:2017:i:5:p:198-210 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Labor market opportunities; Bargaining power; Household decisions; Trade induced shocks;

    JEL classification:

    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology

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