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Stability of household income in European countries in the 1990s

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  • Longford, N.T.
  • Pittau, M.G.

Abstract

This paper explores the patterns of change in the annual household income in the countries of the European Community during the years 1994-1999. The income is modelled by mixtures of multivariate log-normal distributions, and the mixture components are interpreted as representing one subpopulation with steady increments and others with various levels of volatility. The method is extended to models for a combination of log-normal and categorical variables. An index of income stability is defined for the countries. Throughout, we emphasize graphical summaries of the results.
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  • Longford, N.T. & Pittau, M.G., 2006. "Stability of household income in European countries in the 1990s," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 51(2), pages 1364-1383, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:csdana:v:51:y:2006:i:2:p:1364-1383
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    Cited by:

    1. Huiwen Wang & Shan Lu & Jichang Zhao, 2018. "Aggregating multiple types of complex data in stock market prediction: A model-independent framework," Papers 1805.05617, arXiv.org.
    2. Nicholas Longford, 2008. "Inference with the lognormal distribution," Economics Working Papers 1104, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    3. Longford, N.T. & Pittau, M.G., 2006. "Stability of household income in European countries in the 1990s," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 51(2), pages 1364-1383, November.
    4. Borodkin, Fridrich & Bragin, Vladimir & Shpack, Maria, 2006. "Stability of Incomes Distribution in Modern Russia (1994–2004)," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 3(3), pages 17-67.
    5. Jitka Bartošová & Vladislav Bína, 2009. "Modelling of Income Distribution of Czech Households in The Years 1996-2005," Acta Oeconomica Pragensia, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2009(4), pages 3-18.
    6. Nicholas Longford & Pierpaolo D’Urso, 2012. "Mixtures of Autoregressions with an Improper Component for Panel Data," Journal of Classification, Springer;The Classification Society, vol. 29(3), pages 341-362, October.

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