IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Parametric sensitivity analysis and optimisation of a solar air heater with multiple rows of longitudinal vortex generators


  • Dezan, Daniel J.
  • Rocha, André D.
  • Ferreira, Wallace G.


This current research is focused on sensitivity analysis and surrogate-based optimization of solar air heater channel-types with three rows delta winglet pairs arranged in both Common-Flow-Down and Common-Flow-Up orientations at Reynolds numbers of 5,000 and 10,000. The performance of the channel is investigated by considering the variation of nine input parameters related to chord, height and angle of attack of each row of delta winglet pairs, in which the rows of the vortex generators are independent from each other. Sensitivity analysis is carried out by means of Morris, FAST and PAWN indices. From sensitivity analysis, it is highlighted that the friction factor is much more sensitive to the design variables than Nusselt number. The optimization procedure consists on the combination of the Anisotropic Kriging model and Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA-II). The optimized solutions indicated the highest performances of the channel are achieved when the vortex generators are not periodically distributed along the channel. With regard to net power ratio, Common-Flow-Up array performs better than Common-Flow-Down arrays, and further enhancement of this parameter is noted when the Reynolds number is increased. The main vortices generated by delta winglet pairs at Re = 10,000 propagate downstream closer to the absorber plate, and the corner vortices are weak and rapidly dissipated along the main flow direction, for both Common-Flow-Up and Common-Flow-Down arrangements.

Suggested Citation

  • Dezan, Daniel J. & Rocha, André D. & Ferreira, Wallace G., 2020. "Parametric sensitivity analysis and optimisation of a solar air heater with multiple rows of longitudinal vortex generators," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 263(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:263:y:2020:i:c:s0306261920300684
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.114556

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Singh, Sukhmeet & Chander, Subhash & Saini, J.S., 2012. "Investigations on thermo-hydraulic performance due to flow-attack-angle in V-down rib with gap in a rectangular duct of solar air heater," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 907-912.
    2. Gawande, Vipin B. & Dhoble, A.S. & Zodpe, D.B. & Chamoli, Sunil, 2016. "A review of CFD methodology used in literature for predicting thermo-hydraulic performance of a roughened solar air heater," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 550-605.
    3. Singh Yadav, Anil & Kumar Thapak, Manish, 2014. "Artificially roughened solar air heater: Experimental investigations," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 370-411.
    4. Rashidi, Saman & Hormozi, Faramarz & Sundén, Bengt & Mahian, Omid, 2019. "Energy saving in thermal energy systems using dimpled surface technology – A review on mechanisms and applications," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 250(C), pages 1491-1547.
    5. Zhang, Ji & Zhu, Xiaowei & Mondejar, Maria E. & Haglind, Fredrik, 2019. "A review of heat transfer enhancement techniques in plate heat exchangers," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 305-328.
    6. Yadav, Anil Singh & Bhagoria, J.L., 2013. "Heat transfer and fluid flow analysis of solar air heater: A review of CFD approach," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 60-79.
    7. Lotfi, Babak & Sundén, Bengt & Wang, Qiuwang, 2016. "An investigation of the thermo-hydraulic performance of the smooth wavy fin-and-elliptical tube heat exchangers utilizing new type vortex generators," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 162(C), pages 1282-1302.
    8. Luo, Lei & Wen, Fengbo & Wang, Lei & Sundén, Bengt & Wang, Songtao, 2016. "Thermal enhancement by using grooves and ribs combined with delta-winglet vortex generator in a solar receiver heat exchanger," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 183(C), pages 1317-1332.
    9. Sharma, Sanjay K. & Kalamkar, Vilas R., 2015. "Thermo-hydraulic performance analysis of solar air heaters having artificial roughness–A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 413-435.
    10. Zheng, Wandong & Zhang, Huan & You, Shijun & Fu, Yindan & Zheng, Xuejing, 2017. "Thermal performance analysis of a metal corrugated packing solar air collector in cold regions," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 203(C), pages 938-947.
    11. Kumar, Sharad & Saini, R.P., 2009. "CFD based performance analysis of a solar air heater duct provided with artificial roughness," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 1285-1291.
    12. Gao, Wenfeng & Lin, Wenxian & Liu, Tao & Xia, Chaofeng, 2007. "Analytical and experimental studies on the thermal performance of cross-corrugated and flat-plate solar air heaters," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 84(4), pages 425-441, April.
    13. Manikandan, G.K. & Iniyan, S. & Goic, Ranko, 2019. "Enhancing the optical and thermal efficiency of a parabolic trough collector – A review," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 235(C), pages 1524-1540.
    14. Zhao, Xiaohuan & E, Jiaqiang & Zhang, Zhiqing & Chen, Jingwei & Liao, Gaoliang & Zhang, Feng & Leng, Erwei & Han, Dandan & Hu, Wenyu, 2020. "A review on heat enhancement in thermal energy conversion and management using Field Synergy Principle," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 257(C).
    15. Singh, Sukhmeet & Chander, Subhash & Saini, J.S., 2011. "Heat transfer and friction factor correlations of solar air heater ducts artificially roughened with discrete V-down ribs," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(8), pages 5053-5064.
    16. Borgonovo, Emanuele & Plischke, Elmar, 2016. "Sensitivity analysis: A review of recent advances," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 248(3), pages 869-887.
    17. Sorour, M.M. & Mottaleb, Z.A., 1984. "Effects of design parameters on the performance of channel-type solar energy air heaters with corrugated plates," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 181-190.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:263:y:2020:i:c:s0306261920300684. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Haili He). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.