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Macroeconomic effects of oil price shocks in Brazil and in the United States

Listed author(s):
  • Cavalcanti, Tiago
  • Jalles, João Tovar

This paper studies the effects of oil price shocks in the last 30years on the Brazilian and American inflation rate and rhythm of economic activity. The Brazilian and the United States economies are interesting polar cases, since they had a completely different path on the oil import dependence rate. While the oil import dependence rate has increase sharply in the United States (US), it has decreased substantially in Brazil. We found that output growth volatility in the United States has been decreasing over time as well as the contribution of oil price shocks to such volatility, despite the increase in oil import dependence. Inflation volatility has also been decreasing but oil price shocks are accounting for a larger fraction of this volatility in the US. In Brazil, such shocks do not seem to have a clear impact on output growth and they account for a very small fraction of the Brazilian inflation and output growth rate volatility. We finally run some counterfactual experiments to analyze how real output growth in the United States would had been if net oil import share in the United States behaved similarly to what was observed in Brazil. We conclude that output level would be roughly the same, however, it would be about 10% less volatile if the US had the actual Brazilian oil import share.

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File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306261912007581
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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Applied Energy.

Volume (Year): 104 (2013)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 475-486

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Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:104:y:2013:i:c:p:475-486
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.10.039
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