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Fluglärm ist mit einer verringerten Lebensqualität auch abseits der Berliner Flughäfen verbunden

Listed author(s):
  • Peter Eibich
  • Konstantin Kholodilin
  • Christian Krekel
  • Gert G. Wagner

Aircraft noise is a particularly problematic source of noise as many airports are located in or near major cities and, as a result, densely populated areas are affected. Data from the Berlin Aging Study II (Berliner Altersstudie II, BASE-II), whose socio-economic module is based on the longitudinal Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) study which has been conducted since 1984, allows us to examine the effect of different levels of aircraft noise on the subjective well-being and health of the older residents of a major city, in this case Berlin. The findings show that the presence of aircraft noise, also measured using objective aircraft noise data, is associated with significantly reduced well-being, lower satisfaction with one’s living environment, and poorer health. The association between well-being and a crossing altitude reduced by 100 meters is given certain assumptions — for crossing altitudes of between 1,000 and 2,500 m — comparable to an income loss of between 30 and 117 euros per month. Fluglärm ist eine besonders problematische Lärmquelle, da viele Flughäfen innerhalb oder in der Nähe von Großstädten liegen und dadurch dicht besiedelte Gebiete davon betroffen sind. Die Daten der Berliner Altersstudie II (BASE-II), deren sozioökonomisches Modul auf der seit 1984 laufenden Längsschnittstudie Sozio-oekonomisches Panel (SOEP) basiert, bieten die Möglichkeit, den Einfluss verschiedener Maße von Fluglärm auf das subjektive Wohlbefinden und die Gesundheit älterer Bewohner einer Großstadt am Beispiel von Berlin zu untersuchen. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass das Vorhandensein von Fluglärm, das auch mit objektiven Fluglärmdaten gemessen wird, mit deutlich verringertem Wohlbefinden, einer niedrigeren Zufriedenheit mit der Wohnumgebung und einem schlechteren Gesundheitszustand verbunden ist. Der Zusammenhang zwischen Wohlbefinden und einer um 100 Meter verringerten Überflughöhe kann unter bestimmten Annahmen – für Überflughöhen zwischen 1 000 und 2 500 Metern – verglichen werden mit einem Einkommensverlust zwischen 30 und 117 Euro pro Monat.

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File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.497514.de/15-9-1.pdf
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Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal DIW Wochenbericht.

Volume (Year): 82 (2015)
Issue (Month): 9 ()
Pages: 175-181

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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwob:82-9-1
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  1. Bernard M. S. van Praag & Barbara E. Baarsma, 2005. "Using Happiness Surveys to Value Intangibles: The Case of Airport Noise," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 115(500), pages 224-246, January.
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