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Verbessern Wachstum und Globalisierung Arbeitsmarktchancen für Frauen in Entwicklungsländern?

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  • Stephan Klasen

Abstract

Did rapid economic growth in many developing and emerging countries improve employment and pay for women? This paper summarizes key recent findings on this issue. While there is considerable evidence that improved education and employment opportunities helped promote growth, the verdict on the role of large gender pay gaps as a driver of growth is inconclusive at this stage. Conversely, high growth (particularly in some Asian economics) has done remarkably little to reduce sex-specific employment and pay gaps there. Hat das schnelle Wirtschaftswachstum in Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländern die Beschäftigungs- und Verdienstmöglichkeiten von Frauen verbessert? Dieser Beitrag fasst bestehende Erkenntnisse aus der Literatur zusammen. Zum einen scheint klar zu sein, dass bessere Bildungs- und Verdienstmöglichkeiten für Frauen das Wirtschaftswachstum befördert hat, während es keine überzeugende Evidenz gibt, dass große Verdienstunterschiede hier eine Rolle gespielt haben. Zum anderen stellt sich heraus, dass überraschenderweise das schnelle Wachstum in vielen Schwellenländern (vor allem in Asien) ziemlich wenig zur Verbesserung von Beschäftigungs- und Verdienstmöglichkeiten von Frauen beigetragen hat.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephan Klasen, 2012. "Verbessern Wachstum und Globalisierung Arbeitsmarktchancen für Frauen in Entwicklungsländern?," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 81(3), pages 61-68.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:81-3-6
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    File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/doi/pdfplus/10.3790/vjh.81.3.61
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Seguino, Stephanie, 2000. "Gender Inequality and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Analysis," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(7), pages 1211-1230, July.
    2. Gaddis, Isis & Pieters, Janneke, 2012. "Trade Liberalization and Female Labor Force Participation: Evidence from Brazil," IZA Discussion Papers 6809, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Globalization; gender wage gaps; female employment; developing countries;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination

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