IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Verbessern Wachstum und Globalisierung Arbeitsmarktchancen für Frauen in Entwicklungsländern?


  • Stephan Klasen


Did rapid economic growth in many developing and emerging countries improve employment and pay for women? This paper summarizes key recent findings on this issue. While there is considerable evidence that improved education and employment opportunities helped promote growth, the verdict on the role of large gender pay gaps as a driver of growth is inconclusive at this stage. Conversely, high growth (particularly in some Asian economics) has done remarkably little to reduce sex-specific employment and pay gaps there. Hat das schnelle Wirtschaftswachstum in Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländern die Beschäftigungs- und Verdienstmöglichkeiten von Frauen verbessert? Dieser Beitrag fasst bestehende Erkenntnisse aus der Literatur zusammen. Zum einen scheint klar zu sein, dass bessere Bildungs- und Verdienstmöglichkeiten für Frauen das Wirtschaftswachstum befördert hat, während es keine überzeugende Evidenz gibt, dass große Verdienstunterschiede hier eine Rolle gespielt haben. Zum anderen stellt sich heraus, dass überraschenderweise das schnelle Wachstum in vielen Schwellenländern (vor allem in Asien) ziemlich wenig zur Verbesserung von Beschäftigungs- und Verdienstmöglichkeiten von Frauen beigetragen hat.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephan Klasen, 2012. "Verbessern Wachstum und Globalisierung Arbeitsmarktchancen für Frauen in Entwicklungsländern?," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 81(3), pages 61-68.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:81-3-6

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Seguino, Stephanie, 2000. "Gender Inequality and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Analysis," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(7), pages 1211-1230, July.
    2. Gaddis, Isis & Pieters, Janneke, 2012. "Trade Liberalization and Female Labor Force Participation: Evidence from Brazil," IZA Discussion Papers 6809, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Globalization; gender wage gaps; female employment; developing countries;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:81-3-6. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bibliothek). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.