The contribution of increases in family benefits to Australiaâ€™s early 21st-century fertility increase: An empirical analysis
Between 2001 and 2008 Australiaâ€™s total fertility increased from 1.73 to 1.96. This period also saw changes to family benefits, most notably the introduction of a universal, flat-rate at birth payment and an increased subsidisation of child care. This paper analyses individual-level fertility, using data from a large-scale longitudinal survey and focusing on the effects of changes to family benefits, macroeconomic variables, entitlements to family-friendly working conditions, and socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. It finds the effects of the â€˜Baby Bonusâ€™ and the Child Care Rebate are slight. The effects of education, income, occupation, marital status, age and parity are significant.
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