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Variedades de recursos naturales y crecimiento económico

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  • Carlos Morales

    ()

Abstract

La teoría económica de la paradoja de la abundancia" plantea que los países que centran su actividad económica en la explotación de recursos naturales tienen menores tasas de crecimiento en el largo plazo. El presente documento presenta nueva evidencia empírica de este hecho estilizado, para lo cual utiliza estimaciones dinámicas que consideran una muestra de hasta 152 países en el período 1962-2000. Los resultados muestran la existencia de una relación negativa entre la abundancia de recursos naturales y el crecimiento económico, propia de las variedades mineras y atribuible principalmente a razones institucionales. Los recursos forestales parecen, por el contrario, correlacionarse positivamente con el crecimiento de las naciones."

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Morales, 2011. "Variedades de recursos naturales y crecimiento económico," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000090:009170
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/revistadys/Articulo68_1.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    desarrollo económico; crecimiento económico; recursos naturales; paradoja de la abundancia; maldición de los recursos.;

    JEL classification:

    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O50 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - General
    • Q00 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - General
    • Q32 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development

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