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How the Housing and Financial Wealth Effects Have Changed over Time

Author

Listed:
  • Brady Ryan R

    () (United States Naval Academy)

  • Stimel Derek S

    () (Menlo College)

Abstract

We measure the “evolution” of the housing and financial wealth effects in the United States over different time periods from 1952 to 2009. To understand how the housing and financial wealth effects have changed over time, we use a combination of recent time series techniques, including system structural break tests and linear projections, to estimate impulse response functions of consumption to both forms of wealth over relatively short sub-samples. Our key results are that the housing wealth effect gets larger over time, with the largest effect apparent after 1998; while the financial wealth effect diminishes over the same sub-samples, even over a period that includes the equities boom of the 1990s. Our results provide insight into what mechanisms may explain the differing responses of consumption to wealth.

Suggested Citation

  • Brady Ryan R & Stimel Derek S, 2011. "How the Housing and Financial Wealth Effects Have Changed over Time," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 11(1), pages 1-45, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejmac:v:11:y:2011:i:1:n:28
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    Cited by:

    1. Beatrice D. Simo-Kengne & Stephen M. Miller & Rangan Gupta & Goodness C. Aye, 2013. "Time-Varying Effects of Housing and Stock Prices on U.S. Consumption," Working Papers 201325, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    2. Beatrice Simo-Kengne & Stephen Miller & Rangan Gupta & Goodness Aye, 2015. "Time-Varying Effects of Housing and Stock Returns on U.S. Consumption," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 50(3), pages 339-354, April.
    3. Chao He & Randall Wright & Yu Zhu, 2015. "Housing and Liquidity," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 18(3), pages 435-455, July.
    4. G. C. Lim & Q. Zeng, 2016. "Consumption, Income, and Wealth: Evidence from Age, Cohort, and Period Elasticities," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 62(3), pages 489-508, September.
    5. Ryan R. Brady & Derek Stimel & Steven Sumner, 2012. "A Time Series Test of the Direct Wealth Effect," Departmental Working Papers 40, United States Naval Academy Department of Economics.
    6. Ryan R. Brady & Derek Stimel & Steven Sumner, 2014. "The Rise of the Housing-Wealth Effect: Counterfactual Impulse Response Analysis," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 4, pages 1-17, November.
    7. Brady, Ryan R., 2014. "The spatial diffusion of regional housing prices across U.S. states," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 150-166.
    8. Ryan Brady, 2013. "The Spatial Diffusion of Regional Housing Prices across U.S. States," Departmental Working Papers 45, United States Naval Academy Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models

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