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Trade Liberalization, Competition and Growth

Author

Listed:
  • Navas Antonio

    () (Universidad de Alicante and Universidad Autonoma de Madrid)

  • Licandro Omar

    () (IAE - CSIC (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas))

Abstract

Increasing evidence supports that international trade enhances innovation and productivity growth through an increase in competition. This paper develops a two-country endogenous growth model, with firm specific R&D and a continuum of oligopolistic sectors under Cournot competition to provide a theoretical support to this claim. Since countries are assumed to produce the same set of varieties, trade openness makes markets more competitive, reducing prices and increasing quantities. Since firms undertake cost reducing innovations, the increase in production pushes firms to innovate more. Compared to other oligopolistic competition models, we find a larger pro-competitive effect of trade on innovation under this framework, and this effect is increasing the larger the elasticity of substitution between products.

Suggested Citation

  • Navas Antonio & Licandro Omar, 2011. "Trade Liberalization, Competition and Growth," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 11(1), pages 1-28, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejmac:v:11:y:2011:i:1:n:13
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Armando Garcia Pires, 2012. "International trade and competitiveness," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 50(3), pages 727-763, August.
    2. Giammario Impullitti, 2010. "International Competition And U.S. R&D Subsidies: A Quantitative Welfare Analysis," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 51(4), pages 1127-1158, November.
    3. Long, Ngo Van & Raff, Horst & Stähler, Frank, 2011. "Innovation and trade with heterogeneous firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(2), pages 149-159, July.
    4. Mariya Teteryatnikova, 2016. "R&D in trade Networks: The Role of Asymmetry," Vienna Economics Papers 1601, University of Vienna, Department of Economics.
    5. Navas, Antonio, 2015. "Trade liberalisation and innovation under sector heterogeneity," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 42-62.
    6. Rudy Colacicco, 2015. "Ten Years Of General Oligopolistic Equilibrium: A Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(5), pages 965-992, December.
    7. Giammario Impullitti & Omar Licandro, 2010. "Trade, Firm Selection, and Innovation: the Competition Channel," Working Papers 495, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    8. Navas, Antonio, 2010. "La Apertura al Comercio Exterior y sus Efectos sobre la Productividad en Presencia de Diferencias Intersectoriales," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2010/04, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).
    9. Antonio Navas Ruiz, 2012. "Asymmetric trade liberalization, sector heterogeneity and industry productivity growth," Working Papers. Serie AD 2012-09, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    10. Teteryatnikova, Mariya, 2008. "R&D in the network of international trade: Multilateral versus regional trade agreements," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2009-03, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
    11. Gerda Dewit & Dermot Leahy, 2016. "Strategic R&D Commitment and the Gains from Trade," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(5), pages 1129-1148, November.
    12. Navas, Antonio, 2012. "Asymmetric trade liberalization, sector heterogeneity and Innovation," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2012/05, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).
    13. Svetlana B. Avdasheva & Dina V. Tsytsulina, 2014. "The Effects Of Competition Policy: Merger Approval, Entry Barrier Removal, Antitrust Enforcement Compared," HSE Working papers WP BRP 34/FE/2014, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    14. Stracca, Livio, 2013. "The rise of China and India: blessing or curse for the advanced countries?," Working Paper Series 1620, European Central Bank.
    15. Aldaba, Rafaelita M., 2014. "The Philippine Manufacturing Industry Roadmap: Agenda for New Industrial Policy, High Productivity Jobs, and Inclusive Growth," Discussion Papers DP 2014-32, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    16. Giuseppe Caivano & Nicola D. Coniglio, 2016. "Long-Run Drivers of Current Account Imbalances in the EU: the Role of Trade Openness," SERIES 03-2016, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza - Università degli Studi di Bari "Aldo Moro", revised May 2016.
    17. Baboo M. Nowbutsing & Sonalisingh Ramsohok, 2012. "The rise of China: a new fear of trade competition for Mauritius?," Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 5(2), pages 91-106, June.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O3 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights

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